用好 Rails 中 try 方法

已销号 发布于 2016/08/11 11:26
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刚刚看到 @moli 写的代码,get 到 try 方法很好用。于是顺便贴一下其 API 

try(*a, &b)

Invokes the public method whose name goes as first argument just like public_send does, except that if the receiver does not respond to it the call returns nil rather than raising an exception.

This method is defined to be able to write

@person .try(:name)

instead of

@person .name if @person

try calls can be chained:

@person .try(:spouse).try(:name)

instead of

@person.spouse.name if @person && @person.spouse

try will also return nil if the receiver does not respond to the method:

@person.try(:non_existing_method) # => nil

instead of

@person.non_existing_method if @person.respond_to?(:non_existing_method) # => nil

try returns nil when called on nil regardless of whether it responds to the method:

nil.try(:to_i) # => nil, rather than 0

Arguments and blocks are forwarded to the method if invoked:

@posts.try(:each_slice, 2) do |a, b|

  ...

end

The number of arguments in the signature must match. If the object responds to the method the call is attempted and ArgumentError is still raised in case of argument mismatch.

If try is called without arguments it yields the receiver to a given block unless it is nil:

@person.try do |p|

  ...

end

You can also call try with a block without accepting an argument, and the block will be instance_eval'ed instead:

@person.try { upcase.truncate(50) }

Please also note that try is defined on Object. Therefore, it won't work with instances of classes that do not have Object among their ancestors, like direct subclasses of BasicObject.

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