串口操作---C代码

长平狐 发布于 2013/03/19 18:20
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com.h

#ifndef __COM_H__
#define __COM_H__

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif 
//打开串口
int OpenComPort(int port, int userBaudRate);//打开串口
//关闭串口
void CloseComPort(void);//关闭串口
int ReadComBlock(unsigned char *buf,int maxLen);
void _DoRxTx(void *args);

int ReadComBuf(unsigned char *buf, int maxLen);//读串口
int WriteComBuf(unsigned char *buf, int maxLen);//写串口
int WriteComByte(unsigned char byte);//往串口写一个字节
int ReadComByte(unsigned char byte);//从串口读取一个字节
void resetComPort(void);//重置串口
void resetRTS(void);//resetRTS_sub(150,20);
int ReceiveMessage(unsigned char *pBuf, int maxlen, int time);//带时间的接收操作
void resetRTSLowHigh(int Low,int High);//CTS高低电平操作
void SetRTSControlEnable(bool enable);//CTS操作:enable=true:上拉,false:下拉

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif 

#endif

com.c:

/*******************************************************************************
* FileName    :	com.cpp
* Author        :   
* Description   :   
* Create Data   :   2005-6-28 9:09
* modify History:   
*******************************************************************************/

//#include <windowsx.h>
//#include <commctrl.h>
//#include <tchar.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#include "com.h"
//#include "common.h"
//#include "Debug.h"
#include <windows.h>
#include <process.h>

#define DelayXms	Sleep
//#define EB_Printf			Debug_Printf

#define COM_OVERTIME		5	// 此延时控制Uart_ReadBuf中每次读串口的延时:步长为10ms
#define IS_OVERLAPPED_IO    (TRUE)
#define MAX_BLOCK_SIZE 		(0x20000)   // 缓冲区最大128Kbytes
#define MAX_Uart_SIZE 		(4096)   	// 缓冲区最大128Kbytes

HANDLE idComDev;
OVERLAPPED osWrite,osRead;
volatile int isConnected=FALSE;

volatile int txEmpty=TRUE;

unsigned char rxBuf[MAX_Uart_SIZE+1];
unsigned char RoundBuf[MAX_BLOCK_SIZE];

struct {
	int	Enable;	// 允许接收
	int Ok;		// 接收成功
	int	Off1;	// 缓冲区当前有效数据 开始偏移
	int	Off2;	// 缓冲区当前有效数据 末尾偏移
	unsigned int	Cnt;	// 缓冲区当前有效数据 计数器=Off2-Off1
}rxFlag;

//打开串口
int OpenComPort(int port, int userBaudRate)
//port=0,1,2,3
{
    //TCHAR *textCom[]={TEXT("COM1"),TEXT("COM2"),TEXT("COM3"),TEXT("COM4"),TEXT("COM5"),TEXT("COM6"),TEXT("COM7"),TEXT("COM8"),TEXT("COM9"),TEXT("\\\\.\\COM10"),TEXT("\\\\.\\COM11"),TEXT("\\\\.\\COM12")};
    TCHAR textCom[255][14];
    int i; 
	
    DCB dcb;
    COMMTIMEOUTS commTimeOuts;
    
    for(i=0;i<255;i++)
    {
		swprintf(textCom[i],14,L"\\\\.\\COM%d",i);
	}
	
    if(isConnected)	// 若重复打开时先关闭
    {
		CloseComPort();
		/*Debug_Printf("\n[OK:Already Opened. Close first!]");*/
    }
	//====================================================
    osRead.Offset=0;
    osRead.OffsetHigh=0;
    osWrite.Offset=0;
    osWrite.OffsetHigh=0;
	
    osRead.hEvent = CreateEvent(NULL,TRUE/*bManualReset*/,FALSE,NULL);
	//manual reset event object should be used. 
	//So, system can make the event objecte nonsignalled.
	//osRead.hEvent & osWrite.hEvent may be used to check the completion of 
	// WriteFile() & ReadFile(). But, the DNW doesn't use this feature.
    if(osRead.hEvent==NULL)
    {
		/*Debug_Printf("\n[ERROR:CreateEvent for osRead.]");*/
		return FALSE;
    }
	
    osWrite.hEvent = CreateEvent(NULL,TRUE,FALSE,NULL);
    if(osWrite.hEvent==NULL)
    {
		/*Debug_Printf("\n[ERROR:CreateEvent for osWrite.]");*/
		return FALSE;
    }
	
    
	//====================================================
    idComDev=CreateFile(textCom[port],
		GENERIC_READ|GENERIC_WRITE,
		0, //exclusive access
		/*FILE_SHARE_READ|FILE_SHARE_WRITE,*/ 
		NULL,	
		OPEN_EXISTING,
#if IS_OVERLAPPED_IO
		FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL|FILE_FLAG_OVERLAPPED,
#else
		/*FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL,*/ 0,
#endif	
		NULL);
	
    if(idComDev==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
    {
		/*Debug_Printf("\n[ERROR:CreateFile for opening COM port.]" );*/
		return FALSE;
    }
	
    SetCommMask(idComDev,EV_RXCHAR);
    SetupComm(idComDev,MAX_Uart_SIZE,MAX_Uart_SIZE);
    PurgeComm(idComDev,PURGE_TXABORT|PURGE_RXABORT|PURGE_TXCLEAR|PURGE_RXCLEAR);
    
    commTimeOuts.ReadIntervalTimeout=0xffffffff;
    commTimeOuts.ReadTotalTimeoutMultiplier=0;
    commTimeOuts.ReadTotalTimeoutConstant=1000;
    commTimeOuts.WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier=0;
    commTimeOuts.WriteTotalTimeoutConstant=1000;
    SetCommTimeouts(idComDev,&commTimeOuts);
	
	//====================================================
    dcb.DCBlength=sizeof(DCB);
    GetCommState(idComDev,&dcb);
	
    dcb.fBinary=TRUE;
    dcb.fParity=FALSE;
    dcb.BaudRate=userBaudRate; //CBR_115200;
    dcb.ByteSize=8;
    dcb.Parity=0;
    dcb.StopBits=0;
    dcb.fDtrControl=DTR_CONTROL_ENABLE;//DTR_CONTROL_DISABLE;    //2009-9-4 9:36:26   zzt
    dcb.fRtsControl=RTS_CONTROL_DISABLE;
    dcb.fOutxCtsFlow=0;
    dcb.fOutxDsrFlow=0;
    
    if(SetCommState(idComDev,&dcb)==TRUE)
    {	
		isConnected=TRUE;
		_beginthread( (void (*)(void *))_DoRxTx,0x2000,(void *)0);
		
		rxFlag.Off1=0;
		rxFlag.Off2=0;
		rxFlag.Cnt=0;
		rxFlag.Enable=1;	// 允许串口接收
		/*Debug_Printf("\n[OK:OpenComPort port=%d baud=%d.]", port, userBaudRate);*/
		
		return TRUE;
    }
    else
    {
		isConnected=FALSE;
		CloseHandle(idComDev);
		return FALSE;
    }
}


void resetComPort(void)
{
    rxFlag.Off1=0;
    rxFlag.Off2=0;
    rxFlag.Cnt=0;
    rxFlag.Enable=1;	// 允许串口接收
    rxFlag.Ok=0;		// 允许串口接收    
}   

static void resetRTS_sub(int Low,int High)
{
	DCB dcb;
   	
	//====================================================
    dcb.DCBlength=sizeof(DCB);
    
    GetCommState(idComDev,&dcb);
    dcb.fRtsControl=RTS_CONTROL_ENABLE;
    SetCommState(idComDev,&dcb);
    
	DelayXms(Low);
	
    GetCommState(idComDev,&dcb);
    dcb.fRtsControl=RTS_CONTROL_DISABLE;
    SetCommState(idComDev,&dcb);
	
	DelayXms(High); 
}

void SetRTSControlEnable(bool enable)
{
	DCB dcb;
	dcb.DCBlength=sizeof(DCB);
	GetCommState(idComDev,&dcb);
	if(true ==enable)
	{
		 dcb.fRtsControl=RTS_CONTROL_ENABLE;
	}
	else
	{
		dcb.fRtsControl=RTS_CONTROL_DISABLE;
	}
	SetCommState(idComDev,&dcb);
}
void resetRTS(void)
{
	resetRTS_sub(150,20);
}
void resetRTSLowHigh(int Low,int High)
{
	return resetRTS_sub(Low,High);
}
//关闭串口
void CloseComPort(void)
{
    if(isConnected)
    {
		isConnected=FALSE;
		SetCommMask(idComDev,0);
		//disable event notification and wait for thread to halt
		EscapeCommFunction(idComDev,CLRDTR);
		PurgeComm(idComDev,PURGE_TXABORT|PURGE_RXABORT|PURGE_TXCLEAR|PURGE_RXCLEAR);
		CloseHandle(idComDev);
		
        CloseHandle(osRead.hEvent);
		CloseHandle(osWrite.hEvent);
    }
    
    Sleep(100); 
    //wait until CloseComPort() effective.
    //If not, OpenComPort()::CreateFile(...) will fail.
	
}

//读取串口块
int ReadComBlock(unsigned char *buf,int maxLen)
{
    BOOL fReadStat;
    COMSTAT comStat;
    DWORD dwErrorFlags;
    DWORD dwLength;
	
    ClearCommError(idComDev,&dwErrorFlags,&comStat);
    dwLength=min((DWORD)maxLen,comStat.cbInQue);
    if(dwLength>0)
    {
#if IS_OVERLAPPED_IO
		fReadStat=ReadFile(idComDev,buf,dwLength,&dwLength,&osRead);
		if(!fReadStat)   //Apr.28.2003:GetOverlappedResult() may be needed.
		{
			//By experiment, fReadStat was always TRUE,of course, and the following was never executed.
			/*Debug_Printf("\n[RX_RD_WAIT]\n" ); */
			if(GetLastError()==ERROR_IO_PENDING)
			{
				GetOverlappedResult(idComDev,&osRead,&dwLength,TRUE); 
			}
			else
			{
				/*Debug_Printf("[RXERR]" );*/
			}
		}
#else
		fReadStat=ReadFile(idComDev,buf,dwLength,&dwLength,NULL);
		if(!fReadStat)
		{
			Debug_Printf("[RXERR]" );
		}
#endif
    }
    return dwLength;
}


void _DoRxTx(void *args)
{
    OVERLAPPED os;
    DWORD dwEvtMask;
    int nLength;
    BOOL fStat;
    DWORD temp;
    
    int i;
	
    memset(&os,0,sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
    os.hEvent = CreateEvent(NULL,TRUE,FALSE,NULL);
    if(os.hEvent==NULL)
    {
		/*EB_Printf("[ERROR:DoRxTx os.hEvent]\n");*/
		_endthread();
    }
	
    if(!SetCommMask(idComDev,EV_RXCHAR|EV_TXEMPTY|EV_ERR))
    {
		/*EB_Printf("[ERROR:SetCommMask()]\n");*/
		CloseHandle(os.hEvent);
		_endthread();
    }
	
    while(isConnected)
    {
		dwEvtMask=0;
#if IS_OVERLAPPED_IO
		fStat=WaitCommEvent(idComDev,&dwEvtMask,&os);   
		//Apr.28.2003: fStat should be checked for the cpu time saving. 
		if(!fStat)   //Apr.28.2003:GetOverlappedResult() is needed.  
		{
			//By experiment. Only when there was no signalled event, the following was executed.
			//EB_Printf("\n[WaitCommEvent=false]\n"); 
			if(GetLastError()==ERROR_IO_PENDING)
			{
				GetOverlappedResult(idComDev,&os,&temp,TRUE); 
			}
			else
			{
				/*EB_Printf("[RXTX_THREAD_ERR]" );*/
			}
		}
#else
		WaitCommEvent(idComDev,&dwEvtMask,NULL);  //wait until any event is occurred.
#endif
		
		if( (dwEvtMask & EV_TXEMPTY) == EV_TXEMPTY )
			txEmpty=TRUE;
		
		if((dwEvtMask & EV_RXCHAR) == EV_RXCHAR)
		{
			if(rxFlag.Enable) {
				do{   //Apr.28.2003:The caveat on MSDN,"Serial Communications in Win32" recommends while();
					if( nLength=ReadComBlock(rxBuf,MAX_Uart_SIZE) )
					{
						//					    if(nLength>=MAX_BLOCK_SIZE /*for debug*/)
						//					    {
						//							EB_Printf("\n[ERROR1:nLength>MAX]\n");
						//  	      		        rxFlag.Off1=0;
						//  	      		        rxFlag.Off2=0;
						//  	      		        rxFlag.Cnt=0;
						//					    }
						//					    else
						{
							rxFlag.Ok=0;
							for(i=0; i<nLength; i++){
								if(rxFlag.Cnt >= MAX_BLOCK_SIZE) {
									/*EB_Printf("\n[ERROR2:nLength>MAX]\n");*/
									rxFlag.Off1=0;
									rxFlag.Off2=0;
									rxFlag.Cnt=0;
								}
								rxFlag.Cnt++;
								RoundBuf[rxFlag.Off2++] = rxBuf[i];
								rxFlag.Off2 %= MAX_BLOCK_SIZE;
							}
							rxFlag.Ok=1;
						}
					}
				}while(nLength);  
			}
		}
		
		// Clear OVERRUN condition.
		// If OVERRUN error is occurred,the tx/rx will be locked.
		if(dwEvtMask & EV_ERR)
		{
			COMSTAT comStat;
			DWORD dwErrorFlags;
			ClearCommError(idComDev,&dwErrorFlags,&comStat);
			//EB_Printf("[DBG:EV_ERR=%x]\n",dwErrorFlags);
		}
    }	
    CloseHandle(os.hEvent);
    _endthread();
}

//读取串口缓冲区
int ReadComBuf(unsigned char *buf, int maxLen)
{
	unsigned int time=0;
	unsigned int i, len;
	
	if(!rxFlag.Enable)return 0;
	while(rxFlag.Cnt < (unsigned int)maxLen){	//delay 50ms
		Sleep(10);
		if( time++ >= COM_OVERTIME )break;
	}
	if(0==rxFlag.Ok)return 0;
	
	len =(rxFlag.Cnt > (unsigned int)maxLen)? maxLen:rxFlag.Cnt;
	for(i=0; i<len; i++){
		*(buf+i)= RoundBuf[rxFlag.Off1++];
		rxFlag.Cnt--;
		rxFlag.Off1 %= MAX_BLOCK_SIZE;
	}
	return len;
}
//写串口缓冲区
int WriteComBuf(unsigned char *buf, int maxLen)
{
    void *txBlk;
    DWORD txBlkSize;
    DWORD temp;
	
    while(txEmpty==FALSE);
    txBlk=buf;
    txBlkSize=maxLen;
    
	//	Debug_Printf("[OK:WriteComBuf len=%d.]\n", maxLen);
	//	for(temp=0; temp<maxLen; temp++) {
	//		Debug_Printf(" %02x", *(buf+temp));
	//	}
	
    //txEmpty=FALSE; why needed??? this line should be removed.
#if IS_OVERLAPPED_IO
    WriteFile(idComDev,txBlk,txBlkSize,&temp,&osWrite);
#else
    WriteFile(idComDev,txBlk,txBlkSize,&temp,NULL);
#endif
    while(txEmpty==FALSE);
    return TRUE;
}


//往串口写一个字节
int WriteComByte(unsigned char byte)
{
	return WriteComBuf(&byte, 1);
}
//从串口读取一个字节
int ReadComByte(unsigned char byte)
{
	return ReadComBuf(&byte, 1);
}


/*******************************************************************************
* Fuc Name      :   PC_DelayXms
* Input         :   num--延时的毫秒数
* Return        :   void
* Description   :   PC延时程序,毫秒级
*******************************************************************************/
#include <sys/timeb.h>
#include <time.h>
void PC_DelayXms(int num)
{
	LARGE_INTEGER  litmp; 
	LONGLONG       QPart1,QPart2;
	double         dfMinus, dfFreq, dfTim; 
	
	QueryPerformanceFrequency(&litmp); 
	dfFreq = (double)litmp.QuadPart; 		// 获得计数器的时钟频率
	QueryPerformanceCounter(&litmp); 
	QPart1 = litmp.QuadPart; 				// 获得初始值
	do{
		QueryPerformanceCounter(&litmp); 
		QPart2 = litmp.QuadPart;			// 获得中止值 
		dfMinus = (double)(QPart2-QPart1); 
		dfTim = dfMinus / dfFreq; 			// 获得对应的时间值,单位为秒
    }while(dfTim<(0.001*num));
}

int ReceiveMessage(unsigned char *pBuf, int maxlen, int time)
{
	int ret =0;
	DWORD  startTime;
	int nLen;

	startTime=GetTickCount();
	int len =0;
	while(1)
	{
		//timeout
		if(GetTickCount() -startTime >time)
			return 0;

		len =ReadComBuf(pBuf,maxlen-1);
		if(len)
		{
			*(pBuf +len) ='\0';
			return len;
		}
		else
		{
			Sleep(1);
		}
	}
	return 0;
}





原文链接:http://blog.csdn.net/flydream0/article/details/7058931
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