Installing VMware Tools in Ubuntu

长平狐 发布于 2013/01/06 11:23
阅读 124
收藏 0

Installing VMware Tools in Ubuntu

 

I've noticed that people are installing Linux distributions in virtual machines. Especially the virtualization products of VMware are popular. The most installed distribution in VMware seems to be Ubuntu, as this one of the most user friendly Linux environments available. After installing it, you need to install VMware Tools, as these contain the drivers for the virtual machine. This can be challenging to new users, so I'll write a tutorial for Ubuntu 9.10. It should also work with other versions and distributions.

1. From the menu 'Virtual Machine' in any VMware product, choose 'Install VMware Tools'.
2. A CD icon should now appear on your Ubuntu desktop. Open it if it doesn't do this by itself.
3. There should be two files. A manifest.txt and an archive. Open the archive.



4. Extract the folder 'vmware-tools-distrib' to your home folder. If your username is 'john', you should extract it to the folder 'john' (/home/john).



5. Open a Terminal window.



6. Now enter the following lines. Pressing the ENTER/Return key after each line:

First we go to the 'vmware-tools-distrib'-folder that you've extracted.

Code:
cd ~/vmware-tools-distrib

Now we'll load the installation program with Root privileges.

Code:
sudo ./vmware-install.pl

You should be asked to enter the root password. In Ubuntu this is the same password as you used during the installation.

7. The installation program is now going to ask questions. Press the ENTER/Return key at each line to accept the default answers. Meanwhile the drivers are getting built. You'll see all kinds of rubbish text showing up on the screen. Just let it do everything for you.
8. At the end of the process when the installation is finished, enter the following 4 lines in the Terminal:

Code:
/etc/init.d/networking stop
rmmod pcnet32
rmmod vmxnet
modprobe vmxnet
/etc/init.d/networking start

That's it! Now you can change the screen resolution and enjoy your virtual Ubuntu installation 

Fixing build errors

If you're getting error messages about not finding kernel headers or the GCC compiler, then enter the following line in the Terminal:

Code:
sudo apt-get install gcc build-essential

When you're attempting to install VMware Tools on a different Linux Distribution, then the above command might be required in order to install VMware Tools in the first place.

Good luck 

 

 

 

 

source link : http://www.hardwareforums.com/installing-vmware-tools-ubuntu-27136/

 

=======================================================================

 

How To Set Up VMware Tools On Various Linux Distributions

 

This document explains how to set up the VMware Tools in the following guest operating systems: Ubuntu 7.04, Fedora 7, PCLinuxOS 2007 and Debian Etch. Installing VMware Tools in your guest operating systems will help maximize performance, provide mouse synchronization and copy & paste functionality. This article also shows a way of making VMware Tools start automatically when you start a guest operating system.

I used the VMware Tools v1.0.3-44356 provided by VMware Server v1.03.

This howto is meant as a practical guide; it does not cover the theoretical backgrounds. They are treated in a lot of other documents in the web.

This document comes without warranty of any kind! I want to say that this is not the only way of setting up such a system. There are many ways of achieving this goal but this is the way I take. I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!

 

1 Preparation

Set up a virtual machine of your choice. Click on VM in the top menu of the VMware Server console and select Install VMware Tools.

Click to enlarge

 

 

 

Click to enlarge

 

 

 

Click to enlarge

 

 

 

 

2 Ubuntu 7.04

First copy the VMware Tools from the mounted iso to the temporary folder:

cp /media/cdrom/VMwareTools-1.0.3-44356.tar.gz /tmp/

Afterwards switch to the temporary folder and unpack the VMware Tools:

cd /tmp/
tar xvfz VMwareTools-1.0.3-44356.tar.gz


Next switch to the folder with the unpacked files and execute the installer:

cd vmware-tools-distrib/
sudo ./vmware-install.pl

Now you will be asked a few questions relating to installation paths etc. Choose the default value every time (simply hit enter).

After the installation/configuration finished you have to start the VMware Tools:

vmware-toolbox &

You can automatize the start of the VMware Tools - have a look at step 6 of this howto.

Note: If you close the VMware Tools window, the VMware Tools will be disabled immediately.

 

3 Fedora 7 (Kernel 2.6.22.5-76.fc7)

First become root and install some needed packages:

su -
%yourrootpassword%
yum install kernel-devel gcc gcc-c++

Next copy the VMware Tools from the mounted iso to the temporary folder:

cp /media/VMware/ Tools/VMwareTools-1.0.3-44356.tar.gz /tmp/

Afterwards switch to the temporary folder and unpack the VMware Tools:

cd /tmp/
tar xvfz VMwareTools-1.0.3-44356.tar.gz

Now we have to fix the vmxnet module:

cd vmware-tools-distrib/lib/modules/source
tar xf vmxnet.tar 
cp vmxnet-only/vmxnet.c vmxnet-only/vmxnet.c.orig
wget http://www.thoughtpolice.co.uk/vmware/howto/patch2-vmxnet.c.patch
patch -u vmxnet-only/vmxnet.c < patch2-vmxnet.c.patch
tar cf vmxnet.tar vmxnet-only/
cd /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib
./vmware-install.pl

You will be asked a few questions relating to installation paths etc. Choose the default value every time (simply hit enter).

Next step is to fix the xorg.conf:

vi /etc/X11/xorg.conf

Add the following lines:

Section "Monitor"
   Identifier "vmware"
EndSection

After this you have to run the configuration again:

vmware-config-tools.pl

Choose the default value every time (simply hit enter) till you reach the question Do you want to change your guest X resolution? - choose yes and select your desired resolution.

The last step is to fix the integration of the vmxnet module by manually loading it (otherwise you might obtain problems with the network):

/etc/init.d/networking stop
rmmod pcnet32
rmmod vmxnet
depmod -a
modprobe vmxnet
/etc/init.d/networking start

Afterwards reboot the vm. After the vm has rebooted, you can start the VMware Tools via:

vmware-toolbox &

You can automatize the start of the VMware Tools - have a look at step 6 of this howto.

Note: If you close the VMware Tools window, the VMware Tools will be disabled immediately.

 

4 PCLinuxOS 2007

Become root, switch to the mounted iso and install the rpm package:

su -
%yourrootpassword%
cd /media/VMware/ Tools/
rpm -ivh VMwareTools-1.0.3-44356.i386.rpm

Afterwards run the configuration:

vmware-config-tools.pl

You will be asked a few questions relating to installation paths etc. Choose the default value every time (simply hit enter).

Afterwards reboot the vm. After the vm has rebooted, you can start the VMware Tools via:

vmware-toolbox &

You can automatize the start of the VMware Tools - have a look at step 6 of this howto.

Note: If you close the VMware Tools window, the VMware Tools will be disabled immediately.

 

5 Debian Etch

First install some needed pakages:

apt-get install autoconf automake binutils cpp gcc linux-headers-$(uname -r) make psmisc

Next copy the VMware Tools from the mounted iso to the temporary folder:

cp /media/cdrom/VMwareTools-1.0.3-44356.tar.gz /tmp/

Afterwards switch to the temporary folder and unpack the VMware Tools:

cd /tmp/
tar xvfz VMwareTools-1.0.3-44356.tar.gz

Next switch to the folder with the unpacked files and execute the installer:

cd vmware-tools-distrib/
./vmware-install.pl

Now you will be asked a few questions relating to installation paths etc. Choose the default value every time (simply hit enter).

Afterwards reboot the vm. After the vm has rebooted, you can start the VMware Tools via:

vmware-toolbox &

You can automatize the start of the VMware Tools - have a look at step 6 of this howto.

Note: If you close the VMware Tools window, the VMware Tools will be disabled immediately.

 

source link: http://www.howtoforge.com/vmware_tools_on_linux

 

 

 

 

 


原文链接:http://blog.csdn.net/sunboy_2050/article/details/5370878
加载中
返回顶部
顶部