Android音频采集

长平狐 发布于 2012/10/16 10:21
阅读 427
收藏 0

解读下一代网络:算力网络正从理想照进现实!>>>

Android的多媒体框架包括了对各种通用音频格式进行采集和编码的支持,因此你能够容易的把音频集成到你的应用程序中。如果设备硬件支持,你还能够使用MediaRecorder API来记录音频。

本文向你展示如何编写从设备的麦克中采集音频、保存并播放它的应用程序。

注意:Android模拟器没有采集音频的能力,但是实际的设备可能提供这种能力。

执行音频采集

从设备上采集音频比音视频播放要复杂一些,但依然相当简单:

1. 创建一个新的android.media.MediaRecorder类的实例;

2. 使用MediaRecorder.setAudioSource()方法设置音频源。你可能还想使用MediaRecorder.AudioSource.MIC;

3. 使用MediaRecorder.setOutputFormat()方法设置输出文件格式;

4. 使用MediaRecorder.setOutputFile()方法设置输出文件名;

5. 使用MediaRecorder.setAudioEncoder()方法设置音频编码;

6. 调用MediaRecorder实例上的MediaRecorder.prepare()方法;

7. 调用MediaRecorder.start()方法启动音频采集;

8. 调用MediaRecorder.stop()方法终止音频采集;

9. 使用完MediaRecorder实例后,调用它的MediaRecorder.release()方法。要始终调用这个方法来立即释放资源。

示例:录音和播放录音

这个例子的类演示了如何建立、启动和终止音频采集,并且播放录音文件。

/*

 * The application needs to have the permission to write to external storage

 * if the output file is written to the external storage, and also the

 * permission to record audio. These permissions must be set in the

 * application's AndroidManifest.xml file, with something like:

 *

 * <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />

 * <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.RECORD_AUDIO" />

 *

 */

package com.android.audiorecordtest;

 

import android.app.Activity;

import android.widget.LinearLayout;

import android.os.Bundle;

import android.os.Environment;

import android.view.ViewGroup;

import android.widget.Button;

import android.view.View;

import android.view.View.OnClickListener;

import android.content.Context;

import android.util.Log;

import android.media.MediaRecorder;

import android.media.MediaPlayer;

import java.io.IOException;

public class AudioRecordTest extends Activity

{

    private static final String LOG_TAG = "AudioRecordTest";

    private static String mFileName = null;

 

    private RecordButton mRecordButton = null;

    private MediaRecorder mRecorder = null;

 

    private PlayButton   mPlayButton = null;

    private MediaPlayer   mPlayer = null;

 

    private void onRecord(boolean start) {

        if (start) {

            startRecording();

        } else {

            stopRecording();

        }

    }

 

    private void onPlay(boolean start) {

        if (start) {

            startPlaying();

        } else {

            stopPlaying();

        }

    }

 

    private void startPlaying() {

        mPlayer = new MediaPlayer();

        try {

            mPlayer.setDataSource(mFileName);

            mPlayer.prepare();

            mPlayer.start();

        } catch (IOException e) {

            Log.e(LOG_TAG, "prepare() failed");

        }

    }

 

    private void stopPlaying() {

        mPlayer.release();

        mPlayer = null;

    }

 

    private void startRecording() {

        mRecorder = new MediaRecorder();

        mRecorder.setAudioSource(MediaRecorder.AudioSource.MIC);

        mRecorder.setOutputFormat(MediaRecorder.OutputFormat.THREE_GPP);

        mRecorder.setOutputFile(mFileName);

        mRecorder.setAudioEncoder(MediaRecorder.AudioEncoder.AMR_NB);

 

        try {

            mRecorder.prepare();

        } catch (IOException e) {

            Log.e(LOG_TAG, "prepare() failed");

        }

 

        mRecorder.start();

    }

 

    private void stopRecording() {

        mRecorder.stop();

        mRecorder.release();

        mRecorder = null;

    }

 

    class RecordButton extends Button {

        boolean mStartRecording = true;

 

        OnClickListener clicker = new OnClickListener() {

            public void onClick(View v) {

                onRecord(mStartRecording);

                if (mStartRecording) {

                    setText("Stop recording");

                } else {

                    setText("Start recording");

                }

                mStartRecording = !mStartRecording;

            }

        };

 

        public RecordButton(Context ctx) {

            super(ctx);

            setText("Start recording");

            setOnClickListener(clicker);

        }

    }

 

    class PlayButton extends Button {

        boolean mStartPlaying = true;

 

        OnClickListener clicker = new OnClickListener() {

            public void onClick(View v) {

                onPlay(mStartPlaying);

                if (mStartPlaying) {

                    setText("Stop playing");

                } else {

                    setText("Start playing");

                }

                mStartPlaying = !mStartPlaying;

            }

        };

 

        public PlayButton(Context ctx) {

            super(ctx);

            setText("Start playing");

            setOnClickListener(clicker);

        }

    }

 

    public AudioRecordTest() {

        mFileName = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath();

        mFileName += "/audiorecordtest.3gp";

    }

 

    @Override

    public void onCreate(Bundle icicle) {

        super.onCreate(icicle);

 

        LinearLayout ll = new LinearLayout(this);

        mRecordButton = new RecordButton(this);

        ll.addView(mRecordButton,

            new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(

                ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,

                ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,

                0));

        mPlayButton = new PlayButton(this);

        ll.addView(mPlayButton,

            new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(

                ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,

                ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,

                0));

        setContentView(ll);

    }

 

    @Override

    public void onPause() {

        super.onPause();

        if (mRecorder != null) {

            mRecorder.release();

            mRecorder = null;

        }

 

        if (mPlayer != null) {

            mPlayer.release();

            mPlayer = null;

        }

    }

}


原文链接:http://blog.csdn.net/fireofstar/article/details/7958856
加载中
返回顶部
顶部