Packet Tracer 5.0实验(四) 利用三层交换机实现VLAN间路由

长平狐 发布于 2012/09/06 15:10
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一、实验目标

  • 掌握交换机Tag VLAN 的配置;
  • 掌握三层交换机基本配置方法;
  • 掌握三层交换机VLAN路由的配置方法;
  • 通过三层交换机实现VLAN间相互通信;

 

二、实验背景

某企业有两个主要部门,技术部和销售部,分处于不同的办公室,为了安全和便于管理,对两个部门的主机进行了VLAN的划分,技术部和销售部分处于不同的VLAN。现由于业务的需求,需要销售部和技术部的主机能够相互访问,获得相应的资源,两个部门的交换机通过一台三层交换机进行了连接。

 

三、技术原理

三层交换机具备网络层的功能,实现VLAN间相互访问的原理是:利用三层交换机的路由功能,通过识别数据包的IP地址,查找路由表进行选路转发。三层交换机利用直连路由可以实现不同VLAN之间的互相访问。三层交换机给接口配置IP地址,采用SVI(交换虚拟接口)的方式实现VLAN间互连。SVI是指为交换机中的VLAN创建虚拟接口,并且配置IP地址。

 

四、实验步骤

实验拓扑

 

1、在二层交换机上配置VLAN 2、VLAN 3,分别将端口2、端口3划到VLAN 2、VLAN 3;

2、将二层交换机与三层交换机相连的端口Fa0/1定义为Tag VLAN模式;

Switch>enSwitch#conf tEnter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.Switch(config)#vlan 2Switch(config-vlan)#exitSwitch(config)#vlan 3Switch(config-vlan)#exitSwitch(config)#interface fa0/2Switch(config-if)#switchport access vlan 2Switch(config-if)#exitSwitch(config)#interface fa0/3Switch(config-if)#switchport access vlan 3Switch(config-if)#exitSwitch(config)#interface fa0/1Switch(config-if)#switchport mode trunk%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to down%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to upSwitch(config-if)#

3、在三层交换机上配置VLAN 2、VLAN 3,分别将端口2、端口3划到VLAN 2、VLAN 3;

Switch>enSwitch#conf tEnter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.Switch(config)#vlan 2Switch(config-vlan)#exitSwitch(config)#vlan 3Switch(config-vlan)#exitSwitch(config)#interface fa0/2Switch(config-if)#switchport access vlan 2Switch(config-if)#exitSwitch(config)#interface fa0/3Switch(config-if)#switchport access vlan 3Switch(config-if)#exit
Switch(config)#

4、设置三层交换机VLAN间通信,创建VLAN 2、VLAN 3的虚拟接口,并配置虚拟接口VLAN 2、VLAN 3的IP地址;

Switch(config)#interface vlan 2 //创建 VLAN 2 的虚拟接口Switch(config-if)#%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Vlan2, changed state to up%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Vlan2, changed state to upSwitch(config-if)#ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0 //配置虚拟接口 VLAN 2 的IP地址Switch(config-if)#no shutdown Switch(config-if)#exitSwitch(config)#interface vlan 3 //创建 VLAN 2 的虚拟接口Switch(config-if)#%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Vlan3, changed state to up%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Vlan3, changed state to upSwitch(config-if)#ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0 //配置虚拟接口 VLAN 2 的IP地址Switch(config-if)#no shutdown Switch(config-if)#end
Switch#

5、查看三层交换机路由表

Switch#show ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR P - periodic downloaded static routeGateway of last resort is not setC 192.168.1.0/24 is directly connected, Vlan2C 192.168.2.0/24 is directly connected, Vlan3Switch#

6、将VLAN 2、VLAN 3下的主机默认网关分别设置为相应虚拟接口的IP地址;

 

五、验证

打开PC1 Command Prompt

Packet Tracer PC Command Line 1.0PC>ipconfigIP Address......................: 192.168.1.2Subnet Mask.....................: 255.255.255.0Default Gateway.................: 192.168.1.1PC>ping 192.168.1.3Pinging 192.168.1.3 with 32 bytes of data:Reply from 192.168.1.3: bytes=32 time=187ms TTL=128Reply from 192.168.1.3: bytes=32 time=93ms TTL=128Reply from 192.168.1.3: bytes=32 time=110ms TTL=128Reply from 192.168.1.3: bytes=32 time=93ms TTL=128Ping statistics for 192.168.1.3: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 93ms, Maximum = 187ms, Average = 120msPC>ping 192.168.2.2Pinging 192.168.2.2 with 32 bytes of data:Request timed out.Reply from 192.168.2.2: bytes=32 time=188ms TTL=127Reply from 192.168.2.2: bytes=32 time=112ms TTL=127Reply from 192.168.2.2: bytes=32 time=125ms TTL=127Ping statistics for 192.168.2.2: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 3, Lost = 1 (25% loss),Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 112ms, Maximum = 188ms, Average = 141msPC>ping 192.168.2.3Pinging 192.168.2.3 with 32 bytes of data:Request timed out.Reply from 192.168.2.3: bytes=32 time=125ms TTL=127Reply from 192.168.2.3: bytes=32 time=78ms TTL=127Reply from 192.168.2.3: bytes=32 time=64ms TTL=127Ping statistics for 192.168.2.3: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 3, Lost = 1 (25% loss),Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 64ms, Maximum = 125ms, Average = 89ms

原文链接:http://www.cnblogs.com/mchina/archive/2012/07/14/2591598.html
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