Ubuntu12.04 安装 GlassFish3.1.2

长平狐 发布于 2012/08/28 16:36
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由于公司产品的一致性需求,我们又从Jetty切换到GlassFish3.1.2.  这次是在Ubuntu12.04 server(64bit)上安装 GlassFish web profile.

本文内容主要来源于http://www.nabisoft.com/tutorials/glassfish/installing-glassfish-311-on-ubuntu

上文非常全面,我做了删减,去掉了不需要的iptables一节,因为我们用nginx做转发。同时也解决了一些其他问题。

比如GlassFish3.1.2改变了安全规则。需要一些额外的步骤。


一 安装JDK,设置好环境变量。

我安装的是jdk1.6

root@ciappserver1:~# java -version
java version "1.6.0_32"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.6.0_32-b05)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 20.7-b02, mixed mode)

二 创建专用帐号

先创建glassfish系统帐号

# adduser --home /home/glassfish --system --shell /bin/bash glassfish
Adding system user `glassfish' (UID 108) ...
Adding new user `glassfish' (UID 108) with group `nogroup' ...
Creating home directory `/home/glassfish' ...

再创建用户组glassfishadmin

# groupadd glassfishadm


将glassfish加入glassfishadm组,glassfishadmin组的目录也设为/home/glassfish
# usermod -a -G glassfishadm glassfish

chgrp -R glassfishadm /home/glassfish


三 安装unzip

apt-get install unzip


四 下载glassfish

切换到glassfish用户,并下载和解压

su glassfish
cd /home/glassfish
mkdir downloads
cd downloads
wget http://download.java.net/glassfish/3.1.2/release/glassfish-3.1.2-web.zip
unzip glassfish-3.1.2-web.zip
将解压后的文件复制到/hom/glassfish目录下,然后退出该用户

mv /home/glassfish/downloads/glassfish3/* /home/glassfish/
mv /home/glassfish/downloads/glassfish3/.org.opensolaris,pkg /home/glassfish/.org.opensolaris,pkg
exit


要想在glassfish用户下可以使用java命令,添加两个软链接:

ln -s /usr/jdk1.6/bin/java /etc/alternatives/java
ln -s /etc/alternatives/java /usr/bin/java



五 修改目录权限

确保程序可以在glassfish用户下运行

root@ciappserver1:~# chown -R glassfish /home/glassfish
root@ciappserver1:~# chmod -R ug+rwx /home/glassfish/bin/
root@ciappserver1:~# chmod -R ug+rwx /home/glassfish/glassfish/bin/
root@ciappserver1:~# chmod -R o-rwx /home/glassfish/bin/
root@ciappserver1:~# chmod -R o-rwx /home/glassfish/glassfish/bin/

六 修改端口

修改/home/glassfish/glassfish/domains/domain1/config/domain.xml如下:

        <network-listeners>
          <network-listener port="8081" protocol="http-listener-1" transport="tcp" name="http-listener-1" thread-pool="http-thread-pool"></network-listener>
          <network-listener port="8181" protocol="http-listener-2" transport="tcp" name="http-listener-2" thread-pool="http-thread-pool"></network-listener>
          <network-listener port="4848" protocol="admin-listener" transport="tcp" name="admin-listener" thread-pool="admin-thread-pool"></network-listener>
        </network-listeners>

这样,http采用8081,https采用8181,AdminGUI采用4848端口。


七 启动服务

$ su glassfish
$ /home/glassfish/glassfish/bin/asadmin start-domain domain1
There is a process already using the admin port 4848 -- it probably is another instance of a GlassFish server.
这是个GlassFish启动常见的错误,到/etc/hosts目录下看一下

原来这里错了,hostname命令返回的是ciappserver1

127.0.1.1	UBUNTU1204TEMPLATE
修改成:

127.0.0.1       ciappserver1

现在启动成功了。

glassfish@ciappserver1:/root$ /home/glassfish/bin/asadmin start-domain domain1
Waiting for domain1 to start .......
Successfully started the domain : domain1
domain  Location: /home/glassfish/glassfish/domains/domain1
Log File: /home/glassfish/glassfish/domains/domain1/logs/server.log
Admin Port: 4848
Command start-domain executed successfully.

打开网页 http://10.112.18.178:4848/ 无法登录,用户名是admin,密码是adminadmin。为什么?

因为3.1.2加强了安全性。游戏规则改变了。默认admin密码也不再是adminadmin,而是空。


八 启动后启用secure-admin

修改admin默认密码

./asadmin change-admin-password
Enter admin user name [default: admin]> (Press enter to use the default user name)
Enter admin password> (Press enter to use the default password)
Enter new admin password> 
Enter new admin password again> 
Command change-admin-password executed successfully.

特别注意前面两个问题都直接按回车即可。然后设置新密码,比如123456,输入两次。


./asadmin --host 10.112.18.178 --port 4848 enable-secure-admin
--host 指定glassfish所在IP,回答两个问题,用户名和密码,分别是admin/123456.

重新启动glassfish.

再次打开网站myserver:4848,突然进行HTTPS提示,同意后。登录,终于看到了。


九 查看glassfish的用户

下面这个命令帮助我们查看当前glassfish的用户:

./asadmin list-file-users --authrealmname admin-realm
只有一个admin.


十 创建系统服务

先创建/etc/init.d/glassfish脚本

export AS_JAVA=/usr/lib/jvm/java-6-sun
 
GLASSFISHPATH=/home/glassfish/bin
 
case "$1" in
start)
echo "starting glassfish from $GLASSFISHPATH"
sudo -u glassfish $GLASSFISHPATH/asadmin start-domain domain1
;;
restart)
$0 stop
$0 start
;;
stop)
echo "stopping glassfish from $GLASSFISHPATH"
sudo -u glassfish $GLASSFISHPATH/asadmin stop-domain domain1
;;
*)
echo $"usage: $0 {start|stop|restart}"
exit 3
;;
esac
:
增加可执行权限:

chmod +x ./glassfish

创建自启动脚本

update-rc.d glassfish defaults

现在可以通过 

servcie glassfis (start|stop|restart) 来测试了

然后重新启动后继续看是否已经自启动。


产品环境下使用还需要修改默认的master password,可以参考前面引用文章的最后一节:

6. Security configuration before first startup







原文链接:http://blog.csdn.net/sheismylife/article/details/7649571
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