python模块介绍- xlwt 创建xls文件(excel)

长平狐 发布于 2013/12/25 17:23
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python模块介绍- xlwt 创建xls文件(excel)

 

目录

项目简介... 1

Xlwt简介:... 2

快速入门... 3

插入图片... 5

设置样式... 6

公式... 7

合并单元格... 8

日期格式... 8

边框... 9

字体颜色... 10

超级链接... 11

编码... 12

冻结... 12

数值格式... 14

更多公式... 15

保护... 16

综合实例... 19

项目简介

Python中文库https://bitbucket.org/xurongzhong/python-chinese-library主要基于个人的使用经验,收集一些重要的外部和内部模块的中文教程和实例。发起人是ouyangchongwu#gmail.comxurongzhong@gmail.com

欢迎大家加入分享经验。联系方法:xurongzhong#gmail.com, 微博:http://weibo.com/cizhenshi,python及测试开发qq群1:113938272,群2:6089740。

文件下载:

1,   hg clone克隆所有文件  hg clone https://bitbucket.org/xurongzhong/python-chinese-library

2,   https://bitbucket.org/xurongzhong/python-chinese-library/src 浏览文件,右键点击文件,选另存为下载。

Bug 提交:https://bitbucket.org/xurongzhong/python-chinese-library/issuest

版本管理

版本号

修订发布时间

修订人

备注

V1.0

2013-11-15

ouyangchongwu@gmail.com

初始版本, 由xlwt的实例参考生成。

V1.0.1

2013-11-18

xurongzhong@gmail.com

添加csv模块,修改地址为bitbucket。

 

 

 

 

 

参考资料:

下载地址:https://pypi.python.org/pypi/xlwt/0.7.5

官方网址:http://www.python-excel.org/

     介绍胶片:http://www.simplistix.co.uk/presentations/python-excel.pdf

 

 

 

Xlwt简介:

功能:用于生成97/2000/XP/2003xls文件。

月下载量:3万左右

Python版本:Python2.3 to 2.7

当前版本:0.7.5

下载地址:http://pypi.python.org/pypi/xlwt

平台:跨平台

        相关模块:

                     csv               python标准模块。推荐。

xlrd            读取 .xls, .xlsx 文件,月下载3.5万左右,推荐。

xlutils       xlrdxlwt的集合,月下载0.7万左右,推荐。

openpyxl 读写 Excel 2007 xlsx/xlsm文件  月下载1.5万左右,推荐。纯python,效率不高。

Matplotlib                    2D作图模块,适用于基于excel作图,推荐。月下载2千左右。

Pywin32  python windows扩展  月下载2.5万左右,不跨平台,通过COM口连接excel

Pyxll           excel中使用python替代vbshttp://www.pyxll.com/。推荐。类似模块有pyinexPython For Excel http://www.opentradingsystem.com/PythonForExcel/main.html

XlsxWriter         xlsx文件,月下载6k左右,推荐。纯python

 

快速入门

下面例子,创建一个名为mini.xls的文件,它有一个空sheet:'xlwt was here'。代码见mini.py。

fromxlwt import *

 

w =Workbook()

ws = w.add_sheet('xlwtwas here')

w.save('mini.xls')

 

Workbook类初始化时有encoding和style_compression参数。

encoding,设置字符编码,一般要这样设置:w = Workbook(encoding='utf-8'),就可以在excel中输出中文了。默认是ascii。当然要记得在文件头部添加:

#!/usr/bin/env python

# -*- coding: utf-8-*-

style_compression表示是否压缩,不常用。

Workbook还有一些属性:

Owner设置文档所有者。

country_code:国家码

wnd_protect:窗口保护

obj_protect:对象保护

Protect:保护

backup_on_save:保存时备份

Hpos:横坐标

Vpos:纵坐标

Width:宽度

Height:高度

active_sheet:活动sheet

tab_width:tab宽度

wnd_visible:窗口是否可见

wnd_mini:窗口最小化

hscroll_visible:横向滚动条是否可见。

vscroll_visible:纵向滚动条是否可见。

tabs_visible:tab是否可见。

dates_1904:是否使用1904日期系统

use_cell_values:单元格的值

default_style:默认样式

colour_RGB:颜色

比如设置国家码,代码:country.py:

fromxlwt import *

 

w =Workbook()

w.country_code= 61

ws = w.add_sheet('AU')

w.save('country.xls')

 

方法有:add_style,add_font,add_str,del_str,str_index,add_rt,rt_index,add_sheet,get_sheet,raise_bad_sheetname,convert_sheetindex,setup_xcall,add_sheet_reference。

插入图片

add_sheet 会返回一个Worksheet 类。创建的时候有可选参数cell_overwrite_ok,表示是否可以覆盖单元格,其实是Worksheet实例化的一个参数,默认值是False。

Worksheet初始化的参数有sheetname,parent_book,cell_overwrite_ok。

Worksheet的属性有:Row,Column,explicit_magn_setting(默认False),visibility(默认0),split_position_units_are_twips(默认False),row_default_height_mismatch,row_default_hidden,row_default_space_above,row_default_space_below,last_used_row,first_used_row,last_used_col,row_tempfile。以上属性类定义中。

函数构成的属性有:name,parent(只读),rows(只读),cols(只读),merged_ranges(只读),bmp_rec(只读),show_formulas,show_grid,show_headers,panes_frozen,auto_colour_grid,cols_right_to_left,show_outline,remove_splits,selected,sheet_visible,page_preview,first_visible_row,first_visible_col,grid_colour,preview_magn,normal_magn,scl_magn,vert_split_pos,horz_split_pos,vert_split_first_visible,horz_split_first_visible,show_auto_page_breaks,dialogue_sheet,auto_style_outline,outline_below,outline_right,fit_num_pages,show_row_outline,show_col_outline,alt_expr_eval,alt_formula_entries,row_default_height,col_default_width,calc_mode,calc_count,RC_ref_mode,iterations_on,delta,save_recalc,print_headers,print_grid,vert_page_breaks,horz_page_breaks,header_str,footer_str,print_centered_vert,print_centered_horz,left_margin,right_margin,top_margin,bottom_margin,paper_size_code,print_scaling,start_page_number,fit_width_to_pages,fit_height_to_pages,print_in_rows,portrait,print_colour,print_draft,print_notes,print_notes_at_end,print_omit_errors,print_hres,print_vres,header_margin,footer_margin,copies_num,wnd_protect,obj_protect,protect,scen_protect,password。

方法有:get_parent,write,write_rich_text,merge,write_merge,insert_bitmap,col,row,row_height,col_width。

下面例子使用 insert_bitmap来插入图片。代码:image.py:

fromxlwt import *

 

w =Workbook()

ws = w.add_sheet('Image')

ws.insert_bitmap('python.bmp', 2, 2)

ws.insert_bitmap('python.bmp', 10, 2)

 

w.save('image.xls')

 

 

设置样式

下面例子改变字体的高度。代码:row_styles.py:

#!/usr/bin/env python

# -*- coding: utf-8-*-

# Copyright (C) 2005Kiseliov Roman

 

fromxlwt import *

 

w =Workbook(encoding='utf-8')

ws = w.add_sheet('Hey,Dude')

 

for i inrange(6, 80):

    fnt =Font()

    fnt.height= i*20

    style =XFStyle()

    style.font=fnt

    ws.write(i, 1, '武冈')

    ws.row(i).set_style(style)

w.save('row_styles.xls')

 

 

 

            XFStyle用于设置字体样式,有描述字符串num_format_str,字体font,居中alignment,边界borders,模式pattern,保护protection等属性。另外还可以不写单元格,直接设置格式,比如代码row_styles_empty:

from pyExcelerator import *

 

w = Workbook()

ws = w.add_sheet('Hey, Dude')

 

for i in range(6, 80):

    fnt = Font()

    fnt.height = i*20

    style = XFStyle()

    style.font = fnt

    ws.row(i).set_style(style)

w.save('row_styles_empty.xls')

 

 

             设置列宽:ws.col(i).width = 0x0d00 + i

公式

Formula方法可以生成公式,注意Formula中的公式是不需要等号的。下面例子simple.py输出了红色的”Test”,并在第3行包含了公式。

import xlwt

from datetime import datetime

 

font0 = xlwt.Font()

font0.name = 'Times New Roman'

font0.colour_index = 2

font0.bold = True

 

style0 = xlwt.XFStyle()

style0.font = font0

 

style1 = xlwt.XFStyle()

style1.num_format_str = 'D-MMM-YY'

 

wb = xlwt.Workbook()

ws = wb.add_sheet('A Test Sheet')

 

ws.write(0, 0, 'Test', style0)

ws.write(1, 0, datetime.now(), style1)

ws.write(2, 0, 1)

ws.write(2, 1, 1)

ws.write(2, 2, xlwt.Formula("A3+B3"))

 

wb.save('example.xls')

 

 

这里另有一个公式的实例parse-fmla.py:

fromxlwt importExcelFormulaParser,ExcelFormula

importsys

 

f =ExcelFormula.Formula(

"""-((1.80 + 2.898 * 1)/(1.80 + 2.898))*

AVERAGE((1.80 +2.898 * 1)/(1.80 + 2.898);

        (1.80 + 2.898 * 1)/(1.80 + 2.898);

        (1.80 + 2.898 * 1)/(1.80 + 2.898)) +

SIN(PI()/4)""")

 

合并单元格

write_merge可以合并单元格, 注意1,2个参数表示行数,3,4的参数表示列数。实例:merged0.py。

fromxlwt import *

 

wb =Workbook()

ws0 = wb.add_sheet('sheet0')

 

 

fnt =Font()

fnt.name= 'Arial'

fnt.colour_index= 4

fnt.bold= True

 

borders =Borders()

borders.left= 6

borders.right= 6

borders.top= 6

borders.bottom= 6

 

style =XFStyle()

style.font=fnt

style.borders=borders

 

ws0.write_merge(3, 3, 1, 5, 'test1',style)

ws0.write_merge(4, 10, 1, 5, 'test2',style)

ws0.col(1).width= 0x0d00

 

wb.save('merged0.xls')

日期格式

XFStyle类的num_format_str属性可以设置数值的输出格式,也对日期生效。日期格式的实例, 代码:dates.py

fromxlwt import *

fromdatetime importdatetime

 

w =Workbook()

ws = w.add_sheet('Hey,Dude')

 

fmts = [

    'M/D/YY',

    'D-MMM-YY',

    'D-MMM',

    'MMM-YY',

    'h:mmAM/PM',

    'h🇲🇲ssAM/PM',

    'h:mm',

    'h🇲🇲ss',

    'M/D/YYh:mm',

    'mm:ss',

    '[h]🇲🇲ss',

    'mm:ss.0',

]

 

i = 0

forfmt infmts:

    ws.write(i, 0,fmt)

 

    style =XFStyle()

    style.num_format_str=fmt

 

    ws.write(i, 4,datetime.now(),style)

 

    i += 1

 

w.save('dates.xls')

边框

Borders类的left,right,bottom,top属性分别可以设置左右低高的边框,Font类的name可以设置字体类型,struck_out为是否添加删除线,bold为是否为粗体,下面展示了不同边框和删除样式的字体, 代码blanks.py:

fromxlwt import *

 

font0 =Font()

font0.name= 'TimesNew Roman'

font0.struck_out= True

font0.bold= True

 

style0 =XFStyle()

style0.font=font0

 

 

wb =Workbook()

ws0 = wb.add_sheet('0')

 

ws0.write(1, 1, 'Test',style0)

 

for i inrange(0, 0x53):

    borders =Borders()

    borders.left= i

    borders.right= i

    borders.top= i

    borders.bottom= i

 

    style =XFStyle()

    style.borders=borders

 

    ws0.write(i, 2, '',style)

    ws0.write(i, 3,hex(i),style0)

 

ws0.write_merge(5, 8, 6, 10, "")

 

wb.save('blanks.xls')

 

 

字体颜色

Font中的colour_index可以设置颜色,下面展示了不同颜色的字体,可以作为颜色参考, 代码format.py:

fromxlwt import *

 

font0 =Font()

font0.name= 'TimesNew Roman'

font0.struck_out= True

font0.bold= True

 

style0 =XFStyle()

style0.font=font0

 

 

wb =Workbook()

ws0 = wb.add_sheet('0')

 

ws0.write(1, 1, 'Test',style0)

 

for i inrange(0, 0x53):

    fnt =Font()

    fnt.name= 'Arial'

    fnt.colour_index= i

    fnt.outline= True

 

    borders =Borders()

    borders.left= i

 

    style =XFStyle()

    style.font=fnt

    style.borders=borders

 

    ws0.write(i, 2, 'colour',style)

    ws0.write(i, 3,hex(i),style0)

 

 

wb.save('format.xls')

 

超级链接

Formula中的可以插入HYPERLINK超级链接,代码hyperlinks.py:

 

fromxlwt import *

 

f =Font()

f.height= 20*72

f.name= 'Verdana'

f.bold= True

f.underline=Font.UNDERLINE_DOUBLE

f.colour_index= 4

 

h_style =XFStyle()

h_style.font= f

 

w =Workbook()

ws = w.add_sheet('F')

 

##############

## NOTE: parameters are separatedby semicolon!!!

##############

 

n = "HYPERLINK"

ws.write_merge(1, 1, 1, 10,Formula(n + '("http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/f1000.pdf";"f1000.pdf")'),h_style)

ws.write_merge(2, 2, 2, 25,Formula(n + '("mailto:roman.kiseliov@gmail.com?subject=pyExcelerator-feedback&Body=Hello,%20Roman!";"pyExcelerator-feedback")'),h_style)

 

w.save("hyperlinks.xls")

编码

       在没有指定编码的情况下,也可以通过unicode输出字符,不过这样比较费劲,建议还是使用utf-8编码,代码unicode1.py:

fromxlwt import *

 

w =Workbook()

ws1 = w.add_sheet(u'\N{GREEKSMALL LETTER ALPHA}\N{GREEK SMALL LETTER BETA}\N{GREEK SMALL LETTER GAMMA}')

 

ws1.write(0, 0, u'\N{GREEKSMALL LETTER ALPHA}\N{GREEK SMALL LETTER BETA}\N{GREEK SMALL LETTER GAMMA}')

ws1.write(1, 1, u'\N{GREEKSMALL LETTER DELTA}x = 1 + \N{GREEK SMALL LETTER DELTA}')

 

ws1.write(2,0, u'A\u2262\u0391.')     #RFC2152 example

ws1.write(3,0, u'HiMom -\u263a-!')   # RFC2152 example

ws1.write(4,0, u'\u65E5\u672C\u8A9E') #RFC2152 example

ws1.write(5,0, u'Item3 is \u00a31.') #RFC2152 example

ws1.write(8,0, u'\N{INTEGRAL}')       #RFC2152 example

 

w.add_sheet(u'A\u2262\u0391.')     #RFC2152 example

w.add_sheet(u'HiMom -\u263a-!')   # RFC2152 example

one_more_ws = w.add_sheet(u'\u65E5\u672C\u8A9E') #RFC2152 example

w.add_sheet(u'Item3 is \u00a31.') #RFC2152 example

 

one_more_ws.write(0, 0, u'\u2665\u2665')

 

w.add_sheet(u'\N{GREEKSMALL LETTER ETA WITH TONOS}')

w.save('unicode1.xls')

 

冻结

冻结设置panes_frozen为True,然后设置冻结的位置就好。支持行冻结,列冻结及相关的隐藏功能。代码:panes.py:

fromxlwt import *

 

w =Workbook()

ws1 = w.add_sheet('sheet1')

ws2 = w.add_sheet('sheet2')

ws3 = w.add_sheet('sheet3')

ws4 = w.add_sheet('sheet4')

ws5 = w.add_sheet('sheet5')

ws6 = w.add_sheet('sheet6')

 

for i inrange(0x100):

    ws1.write(i/0x10, i%0x10, i)

 

for i inrange(0x100):

    ws2.write(i/0x10, i%0x10, i)

 

for i inrange(0x100):

    ws3.write(i/0x10, i%0x10, i)

 

for i inrange(0x100):

    ws4.write(i/0x10, i%0x10, i)

 

for i inrange(0x100):

    ws5.write(i/0x10, i%0x10, i)

 

for i inrange(0x100):

    ws6.write(i/0x10, i%0x10, i)

 

ws1.panes_frozen= True

ws1.horz_split_pos= 2

 

ws2.panes_frozen= True

ws2.vert_split_pos= 2

 

ws3.panes_frozen= True

ws3.horz_split_pos= 1

ws3.vert_split_pos= 1

 

ws4.panes_frozen= False

ws4.horz_split_pos= 12

ws4.horz_split_first_visible= 2

 

ws5.panes_frozen= False

ws5.vert_split_pos= 40

ws4.vert_split_first_visible= 2

 

ws6.panes_frozen= False

ws6.horz_split_pos= 12

ws4.horz_split_first_visible= 2

ws6.vert_split_pos= 40

ws4.vert_split_first_visible= 2

 

w.save('panes.xls')

 

数值格式

和日期格式类似,代码:num_formats.py:

fromxlwt import *

 

w =Workbook()

ws = w.add_sheet('Hey,Dude')

 

fmts = [

    'general',

    '0',

    '0.00',

    '#,##0',

    '#,##0.00',

    '"$"#,##0_);("$"#,##',

    '"$"#,##0_);[Red]("$"#,##',

    '"$"#,##0.00_);("$"#,##',

    '"$"#,##0.00_);[Red]("$"#,##',

    '0%',

    '0.00%',

    '0.00E+00',

    '#?/?',

    '#??/??',

    'M/D/YY',

    'D-MMM-YY',

    'D-MMM',

    'MMM-YY',

    'h:mmAM/PM',

    'h🇲🇲ssAM/PM',

    'h:mm',

    'h🇲🇲ss',

    'M/D/YYh:mm',

    '_(#,##0_);(#,##0)',

    '_(#,##0_);[Red](#,##0)',

    '_(#,##0.00_);(#,##0.00)',

    '_(#,##0.00_);[Red](#,##0.00)',

    '_("$"*#,##0_);_("$"* (#,##0);_("$"* "-"_);_(@_)',

    '_(*#,##0_);_(* (#,##0);_(* "-"_);_(@_)',

    '_("$"*#,##0.00_);_("$"* (#,##0.00);_("$"*"-"??_);_(@_)',

    '_(*#,##0.00_);_(* (#,##0.00);_(* "-"??_);_(@_)',

    'mm:ss',

    '[h]🇲🇲ss',

    'mm:ss.0',

    '##0.0E+0',

    '@'  

]

 

i = 0

forfmt infmts:

    ws.write(i, 0,fmt)

 

    style =XFStyle()

    style.num_format_str=fmt

 

    ws.write(i, 4, -1278.9078,style)

 

    i += 1

 

w.save('num_formats.xls')

 

更多公式

Formulas.py有更多公式可供参考:

fromxlwt import *

 

w =Workbook()

ws = w.add_sheet('F')

 

ws.write(0, 0,Formula("-(1+1)"))

ws.write(1, 0,Formula("-(1+1)/(-2-2)"))

ws.write(2, 0,Formula("-(134.8780789+1)"))

ws.write(3, 0,Formula("-(134.8780789e-10+1)"))

ws.write(4, 0,Formula("-1/(1+1)+9344"))

 

ws.write(0, 1,Formula("-(1+1)"))

ws.write(1, 1,Formula("-(1+1)/(-2-2)"))

ws.write(2, 1,Formula("-(134.8780789+1)"))

ws.write(3, 1,Formula("-(134.8780789e-10+1)"))

ws.write(4, 1,Formula("-1/(1+1)+9344"))

 

ws.write(0, 2,Formula("A1*B1"))

ws.write(1, 2,Formula("A2*B2"))

ws.write(2, 2,Formula("A3*B3"))

ws.write(3, 2,Formula("A4*B4*sin(pi()/4)"))

ws.write(4, 2,Formula("A5%*B5*pi()/1000"))

 

##############

## NOTE: parametersare separated by semicolon!!!

##############

 

 

ws.write(5, 2,Formula("C1+C2+C3+C4+C5/(C1+C2+C3+C4/(C1+C2+C3+C4/(C1+C2+C3+C4)+C5)+C5)-20.3e-2"))

ws.write(5, 3,Formula("C1^2"))

ws.write(6, 2,Formula("SUM(C1;C2;;;;;C3;;;C4)"))

ws.write(6, 3,Formula("SUM($A$1:$C$5)"))

 

ws.write(7, 0,Formula('"lkjljllkllkl"'))

ws.write(7, 1,Formula('"yuyiyiyiyi"'))

ws.write(7, 2,Formula('A8& B8 & A8'))

ws.write(8, 2,Formula('now()'))

 

ws.write(10, 2,Formula('TRUE'))

ws.write(11, 2,Formula('FALSE'))

ws.write(12, 3,Formula('IF(A1>A2;3;"hkjhjkhk")'))

 

w.save('formulas.xls')

 

保护

from xlwt import *

 

fnt =Font()

fnt.name= 'Arial'

fnt.colour_index= 4

fnt.bold= True

 

borders =Borders()

borders.left= 6

borders.right= 6

borders.top= 6

borders.bottom= 6

 

style =XFStyle()

style.font=fnt

style.borders=borders

 

wb =Workbook()

 

ws0 = wb.add_sheet('RowsOutline')

 

ws0.write_merge(1, 1, 1, 5, 'test1',style)

ws0.write_merge(2, 2, 1, 4, 'test1',style)

ws0.write_merge(3, 3, 1, 3, 'test2',style)

ws0.write_merge(4, 4, 1, 4, 'test1',style)

ws0.write_merge(5, 5, 1, 4, 'test3',style)

ws0.write_merge(6, 6, 1, 5, 'test1',style)

ws0.write_merge(7, 7, 1, 5, 'test4',style)

ws0.write_merge(8, 8, 1, 4, 'test1',style)

ws0.write_merge(9, 9, 1, 3, 'test5',style)

 

ws0.row(1).level= 1

ws0.row(2).level= 1

ws0.row(3).level= 2

ws0.row(4).level= 2

ws0.row(5).level= 2

ws0.row(6).level= 2

ws0.row(7).level= 2

ws0.row(8).level= 1

ws0.row(9).level= 1

 

 

ws1 = wb.add_sheet('ColumnsOutline')

 

ws1.write_merge(1, 1, 1, 5, 'test1',style)

ws1.write_merge(2, 2, 1, 4, 'test1',style)

ws1.write_merge(3, 3, 1, 3, 'test2',style)

ws1.write_merge(4, 4, 1, 4, 'test1',style)

ws1.write_merge(5, 5, 1, 4, 'test3',style)

ws1.write_merge(6, 6, 1, 5, 'test1',style)

ws1.write_merge(7, 7, 1, 5, 'test4',style)

ws1.write_merge(8, 8, 1, 4, 'test1',style)

ws1.write_merge(9, 9, 1, 3, 'test5',style)

 

ws1.col(1).level= 1

ws1.col(2).level= 1

ws1.col(3).level= 2

ws1.col(4).level= 2

ws1.col(5).level= 2

ws1.col(6).level= 2

ws1.col(7).level= 2

ws1.col(8).level= 1

ws1.col(9).level= 1

 

 

ws2 = wb.add_sheet('Rowsand Columns Outline')

 

ws2.write_merge(1, 1, 1, 5, 'test1',style)

ws2.write_merge(2, 2, 1, 4, 'test1',style)

ws2.write_merge(3, 3, 1, 3, 'test2',style)

ws2.write_merge(4, 4, 1, 4, 'test1',style)

ws2.write_merge(5, 5, 1, 4, 'test3',style)

ws2.write_merge(6, 6, 1, 5, 'test1',style)

ws2.write_merge(7, 7, 1, 5, 'test4',style)

ws2.write_merge(8, 8, 1, 4, 'test1',style)

ws2.write_merge(9, 9, 1, 3, 'test5',style)

 

ws2.row(1).level= 1

ws2.row(2).level= 1

ws2.row(3).level= 2

ws2.row(4).level= 2

ws2.row(5).level= 2

ws2.row(6).level= 2

ws2.row(7).level= 2

ws2.row(8).level= 1

ws2.row(9).level= 1

 

ws2.col(1).level= 1

ws2.col(2).level= 1

ws2.col(3).level= 2

ws2.col(4).level= 2

ws2.col(5).level= 2

ws2.col(6).level= 2

ws2.col(7).level= 2

ws2.col(8).level= 1

ws2.col(9).level= 1

 

 

ws0.protect= True

ws0.wnd_protect= True

ws0.obj_protect= True

ws0.scen_protect= True

ws0.password= "123456"

 

ws1.protect= True

ws1.wnd_protect= True

ws1.obj_protect= True

ws1.scen_protect= True

ws1.password= "abcdefghij"

 

ws2.protect= True

ws2.wnd_protect= True

ws2.obj_protect= True

ws2.scen_protect= True

ws2.password= "ok"

 

wb.protect= True

wb.wnd_protect= True

wb.obj_protect= True

wb.save('protection.xls')

综合实例

下面程序xlwt_easyxf_simple_demo.py的write_xls对输出xls进行了一定封装,比较有实用意义。

importxlwt

importdatetime

ezxf =xlwt.easyxf

 

def write_xls(file_name,sheet_name,headings,data,heading_xf,data_xfs):

    book =xlwt.Workbook()

    sheet =book.add_sheet(sheet_name)

    rowx = 0

    forcolx,value inenumerate(headings):

        sheet.write(rowx,colx,value,heading_xf)

    sheet.set_panes_frozen(True) #frozen headings instead of split panes

    sheet.set_horz_split_pos(rowx+1) #in general, freeze after last heading row

    sheet.set_remove_splits(True) #if user does unfreeze, don't leave a split there

    forrow indata:

        rowx += 1

        forcolx,value inenumerate(row):

            sheet.write(rowx,colx,value,data_xfs[colx])

    book.save(file_name)

 

if__name__ == '__main__':

    importsys

    mkd =datetime.date

    hdngs = ['Date', 'StockCode', 'Quantity', 'UnitPrice', 'Value', 'Message']

    kinds =  'date    text          int         price         money    text'.split()

    data = [

        [mkd(2007, 7, 1), 'ABC', 1000, 1.234567, 1234.57, ''],

        [mkd(2007, 12, 31), 'XYZ', -100, 4.654321, -465.43, 'Goodsreturned'],

        ] + [

            [mkd(2008, 6, 30), 'PQRCD', 100, 2.345678, 234.57, ''],

        ] * 100

 

    heading_xf =ezxf('font:bold on; align: wrap on, vert centre, horiz center')

    kind_to_xf_map = {

        'date':ezxf(num_format_str='yyyy-mm-dd'),

        'int':ezxf(num_format_str='#,##0'),

        'money':ezxf('font:italic on; pattern: pattern solid, fore-colour grey25',

            num_format_str='$#,##0.00'),

        'price':ezxf(num_format_str='#0.000000'),

        'text':ezxf(),

        }

    data_xfs = [kind_to_xf_map[k] for k inkinds]

    write_xls('xlwt_easyxf_simple_demo.xls', 'Demo',hdngs,data,heading_xf,data_xfs)

 

 

 


原文链接:http://blog.csdn.net/oychw/article/details/16871251
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