iOS中正则表达式的使用--NSPredicate

长平狐 发布于 2013/12/25 17:17
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首先举一个例子:
匹配9-15个由字母/数字组成的字符串的正则表达式:
    NSString * regex = @"^[A-Za-z0-9]{9,15}$";
    NSPredicate *pred = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"SELF MATCHES %@", regex];
    BOOL isMatch = [pred evaluateWithObject:txtfldPhoneNumber.text];

Cocoa用NSPredicate描述查询的方式,原理类似于在数据库中进行查询

用BETWEEN,IN,BEGINWITH,ENDWITH,CONTAINS,LIKE这些谓词来构造NSPredicate,必要的时候使用SELF直接对自己进行匹配

//基本的查询
NSPredicate *predicate;
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name == 'Herbie'"];
    BOOL match = [predicate evaluateWithObject: car];
    NSLog (@"%s", (match) ? "YES" : "NO");
//在整个cars里面循环比较
    predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"engine.horsepower > 150"];
    NSArray *cars = [garage cars];
    for (Car *car in [garage cars]) {
        if ([predicate evaluateWithObject: car]) {
            NSLog (@"%@", car.name);
        }
    }
//输出完整的信息
    predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"engine.horsepower > 150"];
    NSArray *results;
    results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];
    NSLog (@"%@", results);
//含有变量的谓词
    NSPredicate *predicateTemplate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"name == $NAME"];
    NSDictionary *varDict;
    varDict = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys:
               @"Herbie", @"NAME", nil];
    predicate = [predicateTemplate predicateWithSubstitutionVariables: varDict];
    NSLog(@"SNORGLE: %@", predicate);
    match = [predicate evaluateWithObject: car];
  NSLog (@"%s", (match) ? "YES" : "NO");
//注意不能使用$VARIABLE作为路径名,因为它值代表值
//谓词字符窜还支持c语言中一些常用的运算符
   
    predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:
                 @"(engine.horsepower > 50) AND (engine.horsepower < 200)"];
    results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];
    NSLog (@"oop %@", results);
   
    predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name < 'Newton'"];
    results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];
    NSLog (@"%@", [results valueForKey: @"name"]);
//强大的数组运算符
    predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:
                 @"engine.horsepower BETWEEN { 50, 200 }"];
    results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];
    NSLog (@"%@", results);
   
    NSArray *betweens = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:
                         [NSNumber numberWithInt: 50], [NSNumber numberWithInt: 200], nil];
    predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"engine.horsepower BETWEEN %@", betweens];
    results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];
    NSLog (@"%@", results);
    predicateTemplate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"engine.horsepower BETWEEN $POWERS"];
    varDict = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys: betweens, @"POWERS", nil];
    predicate = [predicateTemplate predicateWithSubstitutionVariables: varDict];
    results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];
    NSLog (@"%@", results);
//IN运算符
    predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name IN { 'Herbie', 'Snugs', 'Badger', 'Flap' }"];
    results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];
    NSLog (@"%@", [results valueForKey: @"name"]);
    predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"SELF.name IN { 'Herbie', 'Snugs', 'Badger', 'Flap' }"];
    results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];
    NSLog (@"%@", [results valueForKey: @"name"]);
   
    names = [cars valueForKey: @"name"];
    predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"SELF IN { 'Herbie', 'Snugs', 'Badger', 'Flap' }"];
    results = [names filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];//这里限制了SELF的范围
    NSLog (@"%@", results);
//BEGINSWITH,ENDSWITH,CONTAINS
//附加符号,[c],[d],[cd],c表示不区分大小写,d表示不区分发音字符,cd表示什么都不区分
    predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name BEGINSWITH 'Bad'"];
    results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];
    NSLog (@"%@", results);
   
    predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name BEGINSWITH 'HERB'"];
    results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];
    NSLog (@"%@", results);
   
    predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name BEGINSWITH[cd] 'HERB'"];
    results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];
    NSLog (@"%@", results);
//LIKE运算符(通配符)
    predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name LIKE[cd] '*er*'"];
    results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];
    NSLog (@"%@", results);
   
    predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name LIKE[cd] '???er*'"];
    results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];
    NSLog (@"%@", results);

参考文章地址:http://hi.baidu.com/%D3%D0%CF%E3%D1%CC%C3%BB%BB%F0%B2%F1/blog/item/da1b3aa3c5d64289d0435821.html



原文链接:http://blog.csdn.net/rhljiayou/article/details/7903875
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