rman 使用catalog备份的演示

长平狐 发布于 2013/09/17 15:10
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介绍了如何使用catalog方式做RMAN备份,以及如何取消以catalog方式做备份。

第一步:创建RMAN CATALOG表空间及用户。

[oracle@oel-01 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
SQL> create tablespace catalog1 datafile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/bys001/catalog1.dbf' size 50m ;
Tablespace created.
SQL> create user rmanuser identified by rmanuser default tablespace catalog1;
User created.
SQL> grant connect,resource,recovery_catalog_owner to rmanuser;
Grant succeeded.
SQL> select * from role_sys_privs where role='RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER';
ROLE                           PRIVILEGE                                ADM
------------------------------ ---------------------------------------- ---
RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER         CREATE SYNONYM                           NO
RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER         CREATE CLUSTER                           NO
RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER         ALTER SESSION                            NO
RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER         CREATE DATABASE LINK                     NO
RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER         CREATE SESSION                           NO
RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER         CREATE TABLE                             NO
RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER         CREATE SEQUENCE                          NO
RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER         CREATE PROCEDURE                         NO
RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER         CREATE VIEW                              NO
RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER         CREATE TYPE                              NO
RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER         CREATE TRIGGER                           NO
11 rows selected.

第二步:注册数据库到RMAN CATALOG

[oracle@oel-01 ~]$ rman target sys/sys@192.168.1.212:1521/bys001 catalog rmanuser/rmanuser
Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on Wed Jun 19 14:28:59 2013
Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.
connected to target database: BYS001 (DBID=2041679290)
connected to recovery catalog database
RMAN> register database;
database registered in recovery catalog
starting full resync of recovery catalog
full resync complete

第三步:查看是否注册

SQL> conn rmanuser/rmanuser
Connected.
SQL> select * from rc_database;
    DB_KEY  DBINC_KEY       DBID NAME     RESETLOGS_CHANGE# RESETLOGS
---------- ---------- ---------- -------- ----------------- ---------
         2          4 2041679290 BYS001             1143629 16-JUN-13

第四步:到RMAN中执行全备备份

[oracle@oel-01 ~]$ rman target sys/sys@192.168.1.212:1521/bys001 catalog rmanuser/rmanuser
Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on Wed Jun 19 14:28:59 2013
Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.
connected to target database: BYS001 (DBID=2041679290)
connected to recovery catalog database
RMAN> register database;
database registered in recovery catalog
starting full resync of recovery catalog
full resync complete
RMAN> backup database;
Starting backup at 19-JUN-13
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=38 device type=DISK
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting full datafile backup set
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) in backup set
input datafile file number=00001 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/bys001/system01.dbf
input datafile file number=00002 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/bys001/sysaux01.dbf
input datafile file number=00005 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/bys001/example01.dbf
input datafile file number=00003 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/bys001/undotbs01.dbf
input datafile file number=00006 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/bys001/catalog1.dbf
input datafile file number=00004 name=/u01/app/oracle/oradata/bys001/users01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting piece 1 at 19-JUN-13
channel ORA_DISK_1: finished piece 1 at 19-JUN-13
piece handle=/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/BYS001/backupset/2013_06_19/o1_mf_nnndf_TAG20130619T143220_8w2n3r2o_.bkp tag=TAG20130619T143220 comment=NONE
channel ORA_DISK_1: backup set complete, elapsed time: 00:12:38
Finished backup at 19-JUN-13
Starting Control File and SPFILE Autobackup at 19-JUN-13
piece handle=/backup/ctl_c-2041679290-20130619-08 comment=NONE
Finished Control File and SPFILE Autobackup at 19-JUN-13

第五步:取消使用CATALOG备份

这是使用list backup 查出来的信息,信息太多,只截了此次使用CATALOG备份的两个备份集。
BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
545     Full    1.13G      DISK        00:12:34     19-JUN-13      
        BP Key: 548   Status: AVAILABLE  Compressed: NO  Tag: TAG20130619T143220
        Piece Name: /u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/BYS001/backupset/2013_06_19/o1_mf_nnndf_TAG20130619T143220_8w2n3r2o_.bkp
  List of Datafiles in backup set 545
  File LV Type Ckp SCN    Ckp Time  Name
  ---- -- ---- ---------- --------- ----
  1       Full 1305626    19-JUN-13 /u01/app/oracle/oradata/bys001/system01.dbf
  2       Full 1305626    19-JUN-13 /u01/app/oracle/oradata/bys001/sysaux01.dbf
  3       Full 1305626    19-JUN-13 /u01/app/oracle/oradata/bys001/undotbs01.dbf
  4       Full 1305626    19-JUN-13 /u01/app/oracle/oradata/bys001/users01.dbf
  5       Full 1305626    19-JUN-13 /u01/app/oracle/oradata/bys001/example01.dbf
  6       Full 1305626    19-JUN-13 /u01/app/oracle/oradata/bys001/catalog1.dbf

BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
559     Full    9.52M      DISK        00:00:01     19-JUN-13      
        BP Key: 566   Status: AVAILABLE  Compressed: NO  Tag: TAG20130619T144500
        Piece Name: /backup/ctl_c-2041679290-20130619-08
  SPFILE Included: Modification time: 19-JUN-13
  SPFILE db_unique_name: BYS001
  Control File Included: Ckp SCN: 1306060      Ckp time: 19-JUN-13
RMAN> unregister database;      取消当前登陆的数据库注册到catalog
database name is "BYS001" and DBID is 2041679290
Do you really want to unregister the database (enter YES or NO)? y
database unregistered from the recovery catalog
RMAN> list backup;
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS ===============
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-03002: failure of list command at 06/19/2013 15:15:22
RMAN-06004: ORACLE error from recovery catalog database: RMAN-20001: target database not found in recovery catalog
RMAN> exit

Recovery Manager complete.
报错是因为登陆时是以指定catalog方式登陆,退出重新查询就可以了。

在SQLPLUS中查询
SQL> conn rmanuser/rmanuser
Connected.
SQL> select * from rc_database;
    DB_KEY  DBINC_KEY       DBID NAME     RESETLOGS_CHANGE# RESETLOGS
---------- ---------- ---------- -------- ----------------- ---------
         2          4 2041679290 BYS001             1143629 16-JUN-13
SQL> select * from rc_database;
no rows selected

第六步:重新登陆RMAN查看备份集信息:

[oracle@oel-01 ~]$ rman target /
Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on Wed Jun 19 15:15:48 2013
Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.
connected to target database: BYS001 (DBID=2041679290)
RMAN> list backup;
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
List of Backup Sets
===================

BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
81      Full    9.52M      DISK        00:00:03     19-JUN-13      
        BP Key: 81   Status: AVAILABLE  Compressed: NO  Tag: TAG20130619T110902
        Piece Name: /backup/ctl_c-2041679290-20130619-02
  SPFILE Included: Modification time: 18-JUN-13
  SPFILE db_unique_name: BYS001
  Control File Included: Ckp SCN: 1277256      Ckp time: 19-JUN-13
BS Key  Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
82      32.50K     DISK        00:00:00     19-JUN-13      
        BP Key: 82   Status: AVAILABLE  Compressed: NO  Tag: BYS001-1
        Piece Name: /backup/full/bys001arch_BYS001_818507657_87
原文链接:http://blog.csdn.net/q947817003/article/details/11627147
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