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在 Asp.Net MVC3 下体验 MongoDB
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先让MongoDB在Win7 64下跑起来:

1. MongoDB主页

http://www.mongodb.org/

2. 下载

http://downloads.mongodb.org/win32/mongodb-win32-x86_64-1.8.1.zip

3. 解压

e.g. H:\mongodb-win32-x86_64-1.8.1

4. 准备目录

e.g. H:\mongo\data --保存数据库文件 H:\mongo\logs --保存log,在此目录下手动创建一个log.txt

5. 安装

Win键,输入cmd,右键-Run as Administrator

cd H:\mongodb-win32-x86_64-1.8.1\bin

H:

mongod --bind_ip 127.0.0.1 --logpath H:\mongo\logs\log.txt --logappend --dbpath H:\mongo\data --directoryperdb –install

net start “MongoDB”

成功。

6. 测试安装

在之前的CMD窗口中输入:mongo

应该能无异常进入query界面

输入一个3+3,应该能得到6

关掉cmd,这玩意儿没用了。

7. 下载.Net Connector

https://github.com/mongodb/mongo-csharp-driver/archives/master

解压

打开CSharpDriverSetup-2010.sln

Build

失败

删除DriverSetup中对CHM的引用

重新编译,成功

右键DriverSetup – Install

下一步下一步下一步。。。

8. 创建Asp.Net MVC3 Empty project

若无,请自行安装MVC3的TOOL

9. Add ConnectionString in web.config

<connectionStrings>
  <add name="MongoDB" connectionString="mongodb://localhost/test"/>   
</connectionStrings> 

10. Add Controller

Controller with empty read/write actions

11. Access to the DB

private MongoDatabase GetDB()
{
   return MongoDatabase.Create(ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["MongoDB"].ConnectionString);
 
} 
    

12. Create Action

         [HttpPost]

        public ActionResult Create(FormCollection collection)
         {
             try
             {
                 var db = GetDB();
                 foreach (var key in collection.AllKeys)
                 {
                     db["testTable"].Insert(new MongoDB.Bson.BsonDocument{
                        {key, collection[key]}
                     });
                 }
 
                return RedirectToAction("Index");
             }
             catch
             {
                 return View();
             }
         }

13. Index Action

public ActionResult Index()
{
    try
    {
	var db = GetDB();

	var testTable = db["testTable"].FindAll();
	var result = new StringBuilder();
	foreach (var testData in testTable)
	{
	    foreach (var property in testData.Names)
	    {
		result.AppendFormat("{0}:{1} ", property, testData[property]);
	    }

	    result.Append("<br />");
	}

	return Content(result.ToString());
    }
    catch
    {
	return View();
    }
}

14. Create Views under Views/Home/

Create.cshtml:

@{
    ViewBag.Title = "Create";
    Layout = "~/Views/Shared/_Layout.cshtml";
}

<h2>Create</h2>

<form method="post" action="/Home/Create">
    Name:
    <input name="name" type="text" /><br />
    Age:
    <input name="age" type="text" /><br />
    Gender:
    <input name="gender" type="text" /><br />
    Married:
    <input name="married" type="text" /><br />
    <input type="submit" value="Add" />
</form>

Index.cshtml

@{
    ViewBag.Title = "Index";
    Layout = "~/Views/Shared/_Layout.cshtml";
}

<h2>Index</h2>
<a href="Create">Create New</a>

15. Modify Global.asax.cs

routes.MapRoute(
"Default", // Route name
"{controller}/{action}/{id}", // URL with parameters
new { controller = "Home", action = "Create", id = UrlParameter.Optional } // Parameter defaults
);

11. Build & Run

image

Press Add

image

全文完!

转自:http://www.cnblogs.com/pandora/archive/2011/05/26/MongoDB_On_Asp_Net_MVC_3.html

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