新手配置Maven环境时,报错org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name

ni好wo好大家好 发布于 2018/08/06 18:44
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初学maven,但是又比较急,已经弄了很久了,但是环境还没有配出来,有没有高手帮忙解决一下呢??

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'manangerController': Injection of autowired dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Could not autowire field: private org.ssm.dufy.service.IManagerService org.ssm.dufy.web.ManangerController.managerService; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type [org.ssm.dufy.service.IManagerService] found for dependency: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate for this dependency. Dependency annotations: {@org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired(required=true)}
	org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessPropertyValues(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:292)
	org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1185)
	org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:537)
	org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:475)
	org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:304)
	org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:228)
	org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:300)
	org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:195)
	org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:703)
	org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:760)
	org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:482)
	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.configureAndRefreshWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:658)
	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:624)
	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.createWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:672)
	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initWebApplicationContext(FrameworkServlet.java:543)
	org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.initServletBean(FrameworkServlet.java:484)
	org.springframework.web.servlet.HttpServletBean.init(HttpServletBean.java:136)
	javax.servlet.GenericServlet.init(GenericServlet.java:158)
	org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:491)
	org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:92)
	org.apache.catalina.valves.AbstractAccessLogValve.invoke(AbstractAccessLogValve.java:668)
	org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:343)
	org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.service(Http11Processor.java:408)
	org.apache.coyote.AbstractProcessorLight.process(AbstractProcessorLight.java:66)
	org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$ConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:764)
	org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(NioEndpoint.java:1388)
	org.apache.tomcat.util.net.SocketProcessorBase.run(SocketProcessorBase.java:49)
	java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(Unknown Source)
	java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(Unknown Source)
	org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
	java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source)

配置文件如下:

applicationContent.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd
">
    <!-- 1.配置jdbc文件 -->
    <bean id="propertyConfigurer" class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer">
            <property name="locations" value="classpath:jdbc.properties"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 2.扫描的包路径,这里不扫描被@Controller注解的类 --><!--使用<context:component-scan/> 可以不在配置<context:annotation-config/> -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="org.ssm.dufy.service">
        <context:exclude-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"/>
    </context:component-scan>
    
    <import resource="classpath:spring-mybatis.xml" />
    
</beans>

jdbc.properties

jdbc_driverClassName =com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc_url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8
jdbc_username=test
jdbc_password=test

spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
  xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
  xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
  xsi:schemaLocation="
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.2.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.2.xsd">
     
    <!-- 扫描controller(controller层注入) -->
   <context:component-scan base-package="org.ssm.dufy.web" use-default-filters="false">
        <context:include-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"/>
    </context:component-scan>
   
     <mvc:annotation-driven />

      <!-- 内容协商管理器  -->
    <!--1、首先检查路径扩展名(如my.pdf);2、其次检查Parameter(如my?format=pdf);3、检查Accept Header-->
    <bean id="contentNegotiationManager" class="org.springframework.web.accept.ContentNegotiationManagerFactoryBean">
        <!-- 扩展名至mimeType的映射,即 /user.json => application/json -->
        <property name="favorPathExtension" value="true"/>
        <!-- 用于开启 /userinfo/123?format=json 的支持 -->
        <property name="favorParameter" value="true"/>
        <property name="parameterName" value="format"/>
        <!-- 是否忽略Accept Header -->
        <property name="ignoreAcceptHeader" value="false"/>

        <property name="mediaTypes"> <!--扩展名到MIME的映射;favorPathExtension, favorParameter是true时起作用  -->
            <value>
                json=application/json
                xml=application/xml
                html=text/html
            </value>
        </property>
        <!-- 默认的content type -->
        <property name="defaultContentType" value="text/html"/>
    </bean>


    <!-- 当在web.xml 中   DispatcherServlet使用 <url-pattern>/</url-pattern> 映射时,能映射静态资源 -->
    <mvc:default-servlet-handler />  
    <!-- 静态资源映射 -->
    <mvc:resources mapping="/static/**" location="/WEB-INF/static/"/>
   

   <!-- 对模型视图添加前后缀 -->
     <bean id="viewResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver"
      p:prefix="/WEB-INF/jsp/" p:suffix=".jsp"/>
      

</beans>

spring-mybatis.xml

    

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
    xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.2.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.2.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.2.xsd">

    <!-- 3.配置数据源 ,使用的alibba的数据库 -->
    <bean id="dataSource"
        class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource" init-method="init"
        destroy-method="close">
        <!-- 基本属性 url、user、password -->
        <property name="driverClassName"
            value="${jdbc_driverClassName}" />
        <property name="url" value="${jdbc_url}" />
        <property name="username" value="${jdbc_username}" />
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc_password}" />

        <!-- 配置初始化大小、最小、最大 -->
        <property name="initialSize" value="10" />
        <property name="minIdle" value="10" />
        <property name="maxActive" value="50" />

        <!-- 配置获取连接等待超时的时间 -->
        <property name="maxWait" value="60000" />
        <!-- 配置间隔多久才进行一次检测,检测需要关闭的空闲连接,单位是毫秒 -->
        <property name="timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis" value="60000" />

        <!-- 配置一个连接在池中最小生存的时间,单位是毫秒 -->
        <property name="minEvictableIdleTimeMillis" value="300000" />

        <property name="validationQuery" value="SELECT 'x'" />
        <property name="testWhileIdle" value="true" />
        <property name="testOnBorrow" value="false" />
        <property name="testOnReturn" value="false" />

        <!-- 打开PSCache,并且指定每个连接上PSCache的大小 如果用Oracle,则把poolPreparedStatements配置为true,mysql可以配置为false。 -->
        <property name="poolPreparedStatements" value="false" />
        <property name="maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize"
            value="20" />

        <!-- 配置监控统计拦截的filters -->
        <property name="filters" value="wall,stat" />
    </bean>

    <!-- spring和MyBatis完美整合,不需要mybatis的配置映射文件 -->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory"
        class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
        <!-- 自动扫描mapping.xml文件 -->
        <property name="mapperLocations"
            value="classpath:org/ssm/dufy/mapper/*.xml"></property>
    </bean>


    <!-- DAO接口所在包名,Spring会自动查找其下的类 ,自动扫描了所有的XxxxMapper.xml对应的mapper接口文件,只要Mapper接口类和Mapper映射文件对应起来就可以了 -->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <property name="basePackage" value="org.ssm.dufy.dao" />
        <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName"
            value="sqlSessionFactory"></property>
    </bean>

    <!-- (事务管理)transaction manager, use JtaTransactionManager for global tx -->
    <!-- 配置事务管理器 -->
    <bean id="transactionManager"
        class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
    </bean>

    <!--======= 事务配置 End =================== -->
    <!-- 配置基于注解的声明式事务 -->
    <!-- enables scanning for @Transactional annotations -->
    <tx:annotation-driven
        transaction-manager="transactionManager" />


</beans>

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xmlns:web="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd"
    id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0" metadata-complete="true">
    <display-name>Archetype Created Web Application</display-name>
    
    <!-- 读取spring配置文件 -->
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:applicationContent.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>

    <!-- 设计路径变量值 <context-param> <param-name>webAppRootKey</param-name> <param-value>springmvc.root</param-value> 
        </context-param> -->

    <!-- Spring字符集过滤器 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>SpringEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>SpringEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <!-- springMVC核心配置 -->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>dispatcherServlet</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <!--spingMVC的配置路径 -->
            <param-value>classpath:spring-mvc.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
    <!-- 拦截设置 -->
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>dispatcherServlet</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

    <welcome-file-list>
        <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
    </welcome-file-list>
    
</web-app>
 

加载中
1
TinyY
TinyY

web.xml里面的ContextLoaderListener没配置?

<listener>
  <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
</listener>
0
n
ni好wo好大家好

如果有高手指教的话能远程帮忙看下是最好的,非常感谢,在线等!!!

0
g
gq_2010

Controller注入service的时候出错了,原因你的service对应的bean不存在,检查一下你的配置文件应该是没有扫描到service和实例化service的bean。

0
melon_jj
melon_jj

这个不是maven的问题,是Spring注入这块儿出错了,ManagerController里的managerService注入错误,找不到Service,这里需要检查代码~~

0
J
Jenter

感觉 你那个类 是不是把构造private了

0
Carliels
Carliels
org.ssm.dufy.service.IManagerService 
检查这个接口的实现类 是否添加@Service注解

<context:component-scan base-package="org.ssm.dufy.service"> 这句是扫描base-package下面所有被@Component 注解的类,@Service ,@Controller 里面都被@Component注解

0
melon_jj
melon_jj

引用来自“melon_jj”的评论

这个不是maven的问题,是Spring注入这块儿出错了,ManagerController里的managerService注入错误,找不到Service,这里需要检查代码~~

还有什么疑问吗?可以直接Q我3474203856 详细交流一下。

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