Spring boot 前后台分离项目 怎么处理spring security 抛出的异常

liululee 发布于 2018/05/07 11:03
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最近在开发一个项目 前后台分离的 使用 spring boot + spring security + jwt 实现用户登录权限控制等操作。但是 在用户登录的时候,怎么处理spring  security  抛出的异常呢?使用了@RestControllerAdvice 和@ExceptionHandler 不能处理Spring Security抛出的异常,如 UsernameNotFoundException等,我想要友好的给前端返回提示信息  如,用户名不存在之类的。 贴上我的代码:

JWT 验证类 : 重写了spring security UsernamaPasswordAuthenticationFilter

public class JWTAuthenticationFilter extends UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter {

    private AuthenticationManager authenticationManager;

    private RedisServiceImpl redisService;

    private AppConfig appConfig;

    public JWTAuthenticationFilter(AuthenticationManager authenticationManager, RedisServiceImpl redisService, AppConfig appConfig) {
        this.authenticationManager = authenticationManager;
        this.redisService = redisService;
        this.appConfig = appConfig;
    }

    /**
     * @param req
     * @param res
     * @return
     * @throws AuthenticationException
     * @// TODO: 2018/4/12 接受并解析用户凭证
     */
    @Override
    public Authentication attemptAuthentication(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse res) throws AuthenticationException {
        try {
            AuthEntity creds = new ObjectMapper()
                    .readValue(req.getInputStream(), AuthEntity.class);

            //验证码校验
            if (appConfig.getCaptchaEnabled()) { //如果开启了验证码登录校验功能
                if (StringUtils.isBlank(creds.getCaptcha())) {
                    logger.error("验证码为空");
                    throw new WelendException(StatusCode.CAPTCHA_EMPTY);
                }
                if (!redisService.exists(appConfig.getCaptchaKey())) {
                    logger.error("验证码已失效");
                    throw new WelendException(StatusCode.CAPTCHA_OVERDUE);
                }
                String captcha = (String) redisService.get(appConfig.getCaptchaKey());
                if (!creds.getCaptcha().equals(captcha)) {
                    logger.error("验证码不正确");
                    throw new WelendException(StatusCode.CAPTCHA_ERROR);
                }
            }
            return authenticationManager.authenticate(
                    new UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken(
                            creds.getUsername(),
                            creds.getPassword(),
                            new ArrayList<>())
            );
        } catch (IOException e) {
            logger.error("Client's variables can't be parsed by com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonParse");
            throw new WelendException(StatusCode.SERVER_ERROR);
        }

    }
}

验证用户名 密码:

public class CustomAuthenticationProvider implements AuthenticationProvider {

    private UserDetailsServiceImpl userDetailsService;

    private BCryptPasswordEncoder bCryptPasswordEncoder;

    public CustomAuthenticationProvider(UserDetailsServiceImpl userDetailsService, BCryptPasswordEncoder bCryptPasswordEncoder) {
        this.userDetailsService = userDetailsService;
        this.bCryptPasswordEncoder = bCryptPasswordEncoder;
    }

    @Override
    public Authentication authenticate(Authentication authentication) throws AuthenticationException {
        // 获取认证的用户名 & 密码
        String name = authentication.getName();
        String password = authentication.getCredentials().toString();
        // 认证逻辑
        JWTUserDetails userDetails = userDetailsService.loadUserByUsername(name);
        if (null != userDetails) {
            Boolean verifyPwd = bCryptPasswordEncoder.matches(password,userDetails.getLoginPwd());
            if (verifyPwd) {
                // 生成令牌 这里令牌里面存入了:userDetails,password,authorities(权限列表)
                Authentication auth = new UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken(userDetails, password, userDetails.getAuthorities());
                return auth;
            } else {
                throw new BadCredentialsException("username or password wrong!");
            }
        } else {
            throw new UsernameNotFoundException("can not find this account");
        }
    }

    /**
     * 是否可以提供输入类型的认证服务
     * @param authentication
     * @return
     */
    @Override
    public boolean supports(Class<?> authentication) {
        return authentication.equals(UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken.class);
    }

}

全局异常处理

@RestControllerAdvice
public class GlobalExceptionHandler {
    private Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(getClass());

    /**
     * @param request
     * @param exception
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     * @// TODO: 2018/4/25 参数未通过验证异常
     */
    @ExceptionHandler(value = MethodArgumentNotValidException.class)
    public Object MethodArgumentNotValidHandler(HttpServletRequest request, MethodArgumentNotValidException exception) throws Exception {
        //按需重新封装需要返回的错误信息
        //List<StatusCode> invalidArguments = new ArrayList<>();
        //解析原错误信息,封装后返回,此处返回非法的字段名称,原始值,错误信息
        ResultObject resultMsg = ResultObject.dataMsg(exception.getBindingResult().getFieldError().getDefaultMessage(), StatusCode.VARIABLE_ERROR);
        return resultMsg;
    }

    /**
     * @param request
     * @param exception
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     * @// TODO: 2018/4/25 无法解析参数异常
     */
    @ExceptionHandler(value = HttpMessageNotReadableException.class)
    public Object HttpMessageNotReadableHandler(HttpServletRequest request, HttpMessageNotReadableException exception) throws Exception {
        logger.info(exception.getMessage());
        ResultObject resultMsg = ResultObject.dataMsg("参数无法正常解析", StatusCode.VARIABLE_ERROR);
        return resultMsg;
    }

    /**
     * @param exception
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     * @// TODO: 2018/4/25 处理token 过期异常
     */
    @ExceptionHandler(value = ExpiredJwtException.class)
    public Object ExpiredJwtExceptionHandler(ExpiredJwtException exception) throws Exception {
        logger.info(exception.getMessage());
        ResultObject resultMsg = ResultObject.dataMsg("登录已过期!", StatusCode.FORBIDDEN);
        return resultMsg;
    }

    /**
     * @param request
     * @param exception
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     * @// TODO: 2018/4/25 方法访问权限不足异常
     */
    @ExceptionHandler(value = AccessDeniedException.class)
    public Object AccessDeniedExceptionHandler(AccessDeniedException exception) throws Exception {
        logger.info(exception.getMessage());
        ResultObject resultMsg = ResultObject.dataMsg("权限不足!", StatusCode.FORBIDDEN);
        return resultMsg;
    }

    @ExceptionHandler(value = NoHandlerFoundException.class)
    public Object NoHandlerFoundExceptionHandler(NoHandlerFoundException exception) throws Exception {
        logger.info(exception.getMessage());
        return ResultObject.dataMsg("链接不存在", StatusCode.NOT_FOUND);
    }
    /**
     * 处理自定义异常
     */
    @ExceptionHandler(value = WelendException.class)
    public Object WelendExceptionHandler(WelendException e) {
        ResultObject r = new ResultObject();
        r.setStatus(String.valueOf(e.getCode()));
        r.setMessage(e.getMessage());
        return r;
    }

    @ExceptionHandler(value = AuthenticationException.class)
    public Object AuthenticationExceptionHandler(AuthenticationException e) {
        return ResultObject.dataMsg(e.getLocalizedMessage(),StatusCode.FORBIDDEN);
    }

    @ExceptionHandler(value = DuplicateKeyException.class)
    public Object DuplicateKeyExceptionHandler(DuplicateKeyException e) throws Exception {
        logger.error(e.getMessage(), e);
        return ResultObject.codeMsg(StatusCode.EXISTED);
    }

    @ExceptionHandler(value = BadCredentialsException.class)
    public Object BadCredentialsExceptionHandler(BadCredentialsException e) throws Exception {
        logger.error(e.getMessage(), e);
        return ResultObject.codeMsg(StatusCode.AUTH_ERROR);
    }

    @ExceptionHandler(value = Exception.class)
    public Object ExceptionHandler(Exception e) throws Exception {
        logger.error(e.getMessage(), e);
        return ResultObject.codeMsg(StatusCode.FAILED);
    }
}

登录时输入错误的用户名

控制台直接打印信息了, 并没有经过ExceptionHandler 处理。

如上所示,我想在全局异常类中 处理spring security抛出异常, 以便返回友好的提示信息。有什么解决办法么?

加载中
0
XiaoHuo-
XiaoHuo-
这个需要重写其他方法的
0
LucEsape
LucEsape

异常处理,json输出,code, msg

0
L
Laisgo
首先,你要明白,spring security的工作原理,他是基于filter,也就是说他抛出的异常的时候,请求还没有到达我们的servlet,用你的那种方式使用dispatchServlet的异常捕获机制当然捕获不到异常
先生姓陆
先生姓陆
但可以在filter里返回json到前端吧
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