Android 利用Camera实现中轴3D卡牌翻转效果

极分享vip 发布于 2016/02/22 11:35
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在Android系统API中,有两个Camera类:

  • android.graphics.Camera
  • android.hardware.Camera

第二个应用于手机硬件的中相机相关的操作,本文讲述的是利用第一个Camera类实现中轴3D转换的卡牌翻转效果,如图:

源码下载


3d立体旋转效果.gif

开始之前,先看一下Android系统中的坐标系:

坐标系.png

对应于三维坐标系中的三个方向,Camera提供了三种旋转方法:

  • rotateX()
  • rotateY()
  • rotateX()

调用这三种方法,传入旋转角度参数,即可实现视图沿着坐标轴旋转的功能。本文的中轴3D旋转效果就是让视图沿着Y轴旋转的。

系统API Demos中已经为我们提供了一个非常好用的3D旋转动画的工具类:
Rotate3dAnimation.java:

package com.feng.androidtest;

import android.graphics.Camera;
import android.graphics.Matrix;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.animation.Animation;
import android.view.animation.Transformation;

/**
 * An animation that rotates the view on the Y axis between two specified angles.
 * This animation also adds a translation on the Z axis (depth) to improve the effect.
 */
public class Rotate3dAnimation extends Animation {
    private final float mFromDegrees;
    private final float mToDegrees;
    private final float mCenterX;
    private final float mCenterY;
    private final float mDepthZ;
    private final boolean mReverse;
    private Camera mCamera;

    /**
     * Creates a new 3D rotation on the Y axis. The rotation is defined by its
     * start angle and its end angle. Both angles are in degrees. The rotation
     * is performed around a center point on the 2D space, definied by a pair
     * of X and Y coordinates, called centerX and centerY. When the animation
     * starts, a translation on the Z axis (depth) is performed. The length
     * of the translation can be specified, as well as whether the translation
     * should be reversed in time.
     *
     * @param fromDegrees the start angle of the 3D rotation
     * @param toDegrees the end angle of the 3D rotation
     * @param centerX the X center of the 3D rotation
     * @param centerY the Y center of the 3D rotation
     * @param reverse true if the translation should be reversed, false otherwise
     */
    public Rotate3dAnimation(float fromDegrees, float toDegrees,
            float centerX, float centerY, float depthZ, boolean reverse) {
        mFromDegrees = fromDegrees;
        mToDegrees = toDegrees;
        mCenterX = centerX;
        mCenterY = centerY;
        mDepthZ = depthZ;
        mReverse = reverse;
    }

    @Override
    public void initialize(int width, int height, int parentWidth, int parentHeight) {
        super.initialize(width, height, parentWidth, parentHeight);
        mCamera = new Camera();
    }

    @Override
    protected void applyTransformation(float interpolatedTime, Transformation t) {
        final float fromDegrees = mFromDegrees;
        float degrees = fromDegrees + ((mToDegrees - fromDegrees) * interpolatedTime);

        final float centerX = mCenterX;
        final float centerY = mCenterY;
        final Camera camera = mCamera;

        final Matrix matrix = t.getMatrix();

        Log.i("interpolatedTime", interpolatedTime+"");
        camera.save();
        if (mReverse) {
            camera.translate(0.0f, 0.0f, mDepthZ * interpolatedTime);
        } else {
            camera.translate(0.0f, 0.0f, mDepthZ * (1.0f - interpolatedTime));
        }
        camera.rotateY(degrees);
        camera.getMatrix(matrix);
        camera.restore();

        matrix.preTranslate(-centerX, -centerY);
        matrix.postTranslate(centerX, centerY);
    }
}
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大家  下载下来研究一下
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