Spring整合Struts在配置Struts过程中出现错误:Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location]

非沧海一粟不随波逐流 发布于 2016/12/14 13:46
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1.首先是报错信息

Unable to load configuration. - [unknown location]

at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:70)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:445)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:489)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.InitOperations.initDispatcher(InitOperations.java:74)
at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.init(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:57)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.initFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:279)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.getFilter(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:260)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterConfig.<init>(ApplicationFilterConfig.java:105)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.filterStart(StandardContext.java:4574)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5193)
at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:725)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:701)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:717)
at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.manageApp(HostConfig.java:1648)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:497)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.modeler.BaseModelMBean.invoke(BaseModelMBean.java:300)
at com.sun.jmx.interceptor.DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.invoke(DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.java:819)
at com.sun.jmx.mbeanserver.JmxMBeanServer.invoke(JmxMBeanServer.java:801)
at org.apache.catalina.mbeans.MBeanFactory.createStandardContext(MBeanFactory.java:463)
at org.apache.catalina.mbeans.MBeanFactory.createStandardContext(MBeanFactory.java:413)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:497)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.modeler.BaseModelMBean.invoke(BaseModelMBean.java:300)
at com.sun.jmx.interceptor.DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.invoke(DefaultMBeanServerInterceptor.java:819)
at com.sun.jmx.mbeanserver.JmxMBeanServer.invoke(JmxMBeanServer.java:801)
at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.doOperation(RMIConnectionImpl.java:1466)
at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.access$300(RMIConnectionImpl.java:76)
at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl$PrivilegedOperation.run(RMIConnectionImpl.java:1307)
at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.doPrivilegedOperation(RMIConnectionImpl.java:1399)
at javax.management.remote.rmi.RMIConnectionImpl.invoke(RMIConnectionImpl.java:828)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:497)
at sun.rmi.server.UnicastServerRef.dispatch(UnicastServerRef.java:323)
at sun.rmi.transport.Transport$1.run(Transport.java:200)
at sun.rmi.transport.Transport$1.run(Transport.java:197)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at sun.rmi.transport.Transport.serviceCall(Transport.java:196)
at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport.handleMessages(TCPTransport.java:568)
at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.run0(TCPTransport.java:826)
at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.lambda$run$254(TCPTransport.java:683)
at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler$$Lambda$1/1369790670.run(Unknown Source)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$ConnectionHandler.run(TCPTransport.java:682)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)
Caused by: Unable to locate parent package [basePackage] for [class com.szy.study.action.TestAction] - [unknown location]
at org.apache.struts2.convention.PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.getPackageConfig(PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.java:1013)
at org.apache.struts2.convention.PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.buildConfiguration(PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.java:659)
at org.apache.struts2.convention.PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.buildActionConfigs(PackageBasedActionConfigBuilder.java:348)
at org.apache.struts2.convention.ClasspathPackageProvider.loadPackages(ClasspathPackageProvider.java:53)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:268)
at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:67)
... 53 more


2.Struts配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.3//EN" "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.3.dtd">
<struts>
    <!-- 指定由spring负责action对象的创建 -->
    <constant name="struts.objectFactory" value="spring" />
    <!-- 所有匹配*.action的请求都由struts2处理 -->
    <constant name="struts.action.extension" value="action" />
    <!-- 是否启用开发模式(开发时设置为true,发布到生产环境后设置为false) -->
    <constant name="struts.devMode" value="true" />
    <!-- struts配置文件改动后,是否重新加载(开发时设置为true,发布到生产环境后设置为false) -->
    <constant name="struts.configuration.xml.reload" value="true" />
    <!-- 设置浏览器是否缓存静态内容(开发时设置为false,发布到生产环境后设置为true) -->
    <constant name="struts.serve.static.browserCache" value="false" />
    <!-- 请求参数的编码方式 -->
    <constant name="struts.i18n.encoding" value="utf-8" />
    <!-- 每次HTTP请求系统都重新加载资源文件,有助于开发(开发时设置为true,发布到生产环境后设置为false) -->
    <constant name="struts.i18n.reload" value="true" />
    <!-- 文件上传最大值 -->
    <constant name="struts.multipart.maxSize" value="104857600" />
    <!-- 让struts2支持动态方法调用,使用叹号访问方法 -->
    <constant name="struts.enable.DynamicMethodInvocation" value="true" />
    <!-- Action名称中是否还是用斜线 -->
    <constant name="struts.enable.SlashesInActionNames" value="false" />
    <!-- 允许标签中使用表达式语法 -->
    <constant name="struts.tag.altSyntax" value="true" />
    <!-- 对于WebLogic,Orion,OC4J此属性应该设置成true -->
    <constant name="struts.dispatcher.parametersWorkaround" value="false" />

    <package name="basePackage" extends="struts-default,json-default">
    </package>

</struts>



3.Action

package com.szy.study.action;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;
import com.szy.study.service.UserServiceI;
import org.apache.struts2.convention.annotation.Action;
import org.apache.struts2.convention.annotation.Namespace;
import org.apache.struts2.convention.annotation.ParentPackage;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

/**
 * Created by Administrator on 2016/12/13.
 */
@ParentPackage("basePackage")
@Action(value="struts2Test")//使用convention-plugin插件提供的@Action注解将一个普通java类标注为一个可以处理用户请求的Action,Action的名字为struts2Test
@Namespace("/")//使用convention-plugin插件提供的@Namespace注解为这个Action指定一个命名空间
public class TestAction extends ActionSupport {
    /**
     * 注入userService
     */
    @Autowired
    private UserServiceI userServiceI;

    public void test(){
        System.out.println("进入TestAction");
    }


}



哪位大神帮帮忙,卡住我一天了
加载中
0
织梦之魂
织梦之魂
<packagename="basePackage"extends="struts-default,json-default">

</package>

这个配置我怎么看起来像是拦截器啊,后面不应该是扫描路径么

非沧海一粟不随波逐流
非沧海一粟不随波逐流
回复 @小马哥_mark : 但是,web中不是已经配置好了么
织梦之魂
织梦之魂
回复 @非沧海一粟不随波逐流 : 按照报错的话是配置文件没有加载到
非沧海一粟不随波逐流
非沧海一粟不随波逐流
我在学习SSH,我现在是根据一个教程在写的。你看下教程,教程用的eclipse,我用的IDEA。教程用的Spirng3.x,我用的Spring4.x 这是链接:http://www.cnblogs.com/xdp-gacl/p/4239501.html
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