实例简介HttpUnit结合JUnit自动测试Web应用

晨曦之光 发布于 2012/04/25 16:18
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本文通过实例来讲解如何通过HttpUnit来对web应用进行测试,尤其是当下Ajax越来越流行的情况下,http request和response交互频繁,里面传输的内容也以Json或者XML为主,用HttpUnit结合JUnit来做测试可以带来很多好处,甚至是在web页面还不存在的情况下,通过模拟http请求,包括模拟上传文件,就可以用来测试服务端的servlet,action(有httprequest参数)等代码.

JAVA实例代码

HTTPStub :包装了HttpUnit提供的一些类,同时在初始化的时候做login验证,WebConversation会维护session的信息.
public class HTTPStub {
    private WebConversation httpConversation;
    private PostMethodWebRequest httpRequest;

    public HTTPStub() {
        httpConversation = new WebConversation();
        String urlLogin = EnvConstant.SERVER_CTXT + EnvConstant.SERVER_LOGINURL;
        GetMethodWebRequest getReq = new GetMethodWebRequest(urlLogin);
        try {
            httpConversation.getResponse(getReq);
        } catch (IOException e1) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e1.printStackTrace();
        } catch (SAXException e1) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e1.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public void initHttpRequest(String url) {
        httpRequest = new PostMethodWebRequest(EnvConstant.SERVER_CTXT + url, true);
    }

    public void setParameter(String name, String value) {
        httpRequest.setParameter(name, value);
    }

    public void setFile(String Filename) {
        InputStream inputStream = FileUtil.readFromdefaultClspath(Filename);
        httpRequest.selectFile("dumyfile", "dumyfile.csv", inputStream, "text/plain");
    }

    public WebResponse getHttpResponse() {
        try {
            return httpConversation.getResponse(httpRequest);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (SAXException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

    public String getHttpResponseContents() {
        try {
            WebResponse resp = httpConversation.getResponse(httpRequest);
           
            StringBuffer strbf = new StringBuffer();

            BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(resp.getInputStream()));
            String str;
            while ((str = in.readLine()) != null) {
                strbf.append(str);
            }
            in.close();

            return strbf.toString();

        } catch (IOException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (SAXException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return null;
    }

}

对inputstream处理的一个util类:
public class FileUtil {
    public static InputStream readFromdefaultClspath(String fileName) {

        InputStream stream = ClassLoader.getSystemResourceAsStream(fileName);
        return stream;

    }
   
    public static String getContentsFromFile(String fileName) {

        InputStream stream = readFromdefaultClspath(fileName);
        StringBuffer strbf = new StringBuffer();
        try {
            BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(stream));
            String str;
            while ((str = in.readLine()) != null) {
                strbf.append(str);
            }
            in.close();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return strbf.toString();

    }
   
}

 

Junit测试类:


public class ActionCopyBillTest {
    private HTTPStub httpStub;

    @Before
    public void setUp() throws Exception {
        httpStub = new HTTPStub();
    }

    @After
    public void tearDown() throws Exception {
    }

    @Test
    public void testPerform() {
        httpStub.initHttpRequest("FrontController?command=CopyBill");

        httpStub.setParameter("bm_cb_dtCategory", "Copy Bill Request");
        httpStub.setParameter("bm_cb_SRID", "SR0001");
        httpStub.setParameter("bm_cb_ItemOpt", "2- Custom Itemisation");
        httpStub.setParameter("bm_cb_BillLanCode", "ENG");
        httpStub.setParameter("bm_cb_LegendPrs", "Copy Legend");
        httpStub.setParameter("bm_cb_BillStruct", "Front Page Only");
        httpStub.setParameter("bm_cb_ItemThd", "1");
        httpStub.setParameter("bm_cb_BillMedia", "Paper Bill");
        httpStub.setParameter("bm_cb_BillFormat", "Blue Bill");

        httpStub.setFile("testdata/req/CopyBill_1.csv");

        String respContents = httpStub.getHttpResponseContents();
       
        String ritContents = FileUtil.getContentsFromFile("testdata/rep/CopyBill_1.rsp");

        Assert.assertEquals(respContents, ritContents);
    }

}

如果想对response进行验证,可以通过手工从html页面输入数据,提交请求,用工具(如eclipse带有的插件tcp/ip monitor)将response截取下来保存为文件,然后和junit测试的时候的response对比.

另外,返回的response也提供了一系列方法来操作其包含的内容:

1,如返回的是文本,可以通过resp.getText()获取,如果文本是json格式,可以再进一步构造成jsonobject来操作.

    String respContents = resp.getText();
    JSONObject json = new JSONObject(respContents);
    System.out.println(json.getInt("total"));
    JSONArray arr = json.getJSONArray("userdata");
    System.out.println(arr.get(0));

2,如果返回的是XML(标准结构的html也是合法的XML),可以得到w3c 的document对象,resp.getDOM();

3,如果返回的是html页面,WebResponse提供了一组类似于Javascript操作html dom的方法.

resp.getElementWithID(id)

resp.getTables();

...

可以在http://httpunit.sourceforge.net/doc/cookbook.html找到更详细的信息.

 

 

 

 

 


原文链接:http://blog.csdn.net/kkdelta/article/details/5631063
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我正需要这样的工具。真是太好了
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