短信收发类无错版SerialStream.cs

晨曦之光 发布于 2012/03/09 15:04
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/*
 * Author: Marcus Lorentzon, 2001
 *         d98malor@dtek.chalmers.se
 *
 * Freeware: Please do not remove this header
 *
 * File: SerialStream.cs
 *
 * Description: Implements a Stream for asynchronous
 *              transfers and COMM. Stream version.
 *
 * Version: 2.4
 *
 */

#region Using

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Threading;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.ComponentModel;

#endregion Using

namespace LoMaN.IO {

 public class SerialStream : Stream {
  
  #region Attributes

  private IOCompletionCallback m_IOCompletionCallback;
  private IntPtr m_hFile = IntPtr.Zero;
  private string m_sPort;
  private bool m_bRead;
  private bool m_bWrite;

  #endregion Attributes

  #region Properties

  public string Port {
   get {
    return m_sPort;
   }
   set {
    if (m_sPort != value) {
     Close();
     Open(value);
    }
   }
  }

  public override bool CanRead {
   get {
    return m_bRead;
   }
  }

  public override bool CanWrite {
   get {
    return m_bWrite;
   }
  }

  public override bool CanSeek {
   get {
    return false;
   }
  }

  public bool Closed  {
   get {
    return m_hFile.ToInt32() <= 0;
   }
  }

  public override long Length {
   get {
    throw new NotSupportedException("Length isn't supported on serial ports.");
   }
  }

  public override long Position {
   get {
    throw new NotSupportedException("Seek isn't supported on serial ports.");
   }
   set {
    throw new NotSupportedException("Seek isn't supported on serial ports.");
   }
  }

  public bool Dtr {
   set {
    if (!EscapeCommFunction(m_hFile, value ? SETDTR : CLRDTR)) {
     throw new Win32Exception();
    }
   }
  }

  public bool Rts {
   set {
    if (!EscapeCommFunction(m_hFile, value ? SETRTS : CLRRTS)) {
     throw new Win32Exception();
    }
   }
  }

  public bool Break {
   set {
    if (!EscapeCommFunction(m_hFile, value ? SETBREAK : CLRBREAK)) {
     throw new Win32Exception();
    }
   }
  }

  public bool Cts {
   get {
    uint status;
    if (!GetCommModemStatus(m_hFile, out status)) {
     throw new Win32Exception();
    }
    return (status & MS_CTS_ON) > 0;
   }
  }

  public bool Dsr {
   get {
    uint status;
    if (!GetCommModemStatus(m_hFile, out status)) {
     throw new Win32Exception();
    }
    return (status & MS_DSR_ON) > 0;
   }
  }

  public bool Ring {
   get {
    uint status;
    if (!GetCommModemStatus(m_hFile, out status)) {
     throw new Win32Exception();
    }
    return (status & MS_RING_ON) > 0;
   }
  }

  public bool Rlsd {
   get {
    uint status;
    if (!GetCommModemStatus(m_hFile, out status)) {
     throw new Win32Exception();
    }
    return (status & MS_RLSD_ON) > 0;
   }
  }

  #endregion Properties

  #region Constructors

  public SerialStream() : this(FileAccess.ReadWrite) {
  }

  public SerialStream(FileAccess access) {
   m_bRead  = ((int)access & (int)FileAccess.Read) != 0;
   m_bWrite = ((int)access & (int)FileAccess.Write) != 0;
   unsafe {
    m_IOCompletionCallback = new IOCompletionCallback(AsyncFSCallback);
   }
  }

  public SerialStream(string port) : this(FileAccess.ReadWrite) {
   Open(port);
  }

  public SerialStream(string port, FileAccess access) : this(access) {
   Open(port);
  }

  #endregion Constructors

  #region Methods

  public void Open(string port) {
   if (m_hFile != IntPtr.Zero) {
    throw new IOException("Stream already opened.");
   }
   m_sPort = port;
   m_hFile = CreateFile(port, (uint)((m_bRead?GENERIC_READ:0)|(m_bWrite?GENERIC_WRITE:0)), 0, 0, OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_FLAG_OVERLAPPED, 0);
   if (m_hFile.ToInt32() == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
    m_hFile = IntPtr.Zero;
    throw new FileNotFoundException("Unable to open " + port);
   }

   ThreadPool.BindHandle(m_hFile);

            SetTimeouts(0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  }

  public override void Close() {
   CloseHandle(m_hFile);
   m_hFile = IntPtr.Zero;
   m_sPort = null;
  }

        public IAsyncResult BeginRead(byte[] buffer) {
            return BeginRead(buffer, 0, buffer.Length, null, null);
        }

  public override IAsyncResult BeginRead(byte[] buffer, int offset, int count, AsyncCallback callback, object state) {
   GCHandle gchBuffer = GCHandle.Alloc(buffer, GCHandleType.Pinned);
   SerialAsyncResult sar = new SerialAsyncResult(this, state, callback, true, gchBuffer);
   Overlapped ov = new Overlapped(0, 0, sar.AsyncWaitHandle.Handle.ToInt32(), sar);
   unsafe {
    NativeOverlapped* nov = ov.Pack(m_IOCompletionCallback);
    byte* data = (byte*)((int)gchBuffer.AddrOfPinnedObject() + offset);

    uint read = 0;
    if (ReadFile(m_hFile, data, (uint)count, out read, nov)) {
     sar.m_bCompletedSynchronously = true;
     return sar;
    }
    else if (GetLastError() == ERROR_IO_PENDING) {
     return sar;
    }
    else
     throw new Exception("Unable to initialize read. Errorcode: " + GetLastError().ToString());
   }
  }

        public IAsyncResult BeginWrite(byte[] buffer) {
            return BeginWrite(buffer, 0, buffer.Length, null, null);
        }

  public override IAsyncResult BeginWrite(byte[] buffer, int offset, int count, AsyncCallback callback, object state) {
   GCHandle gchBuffer = GCHandle.Alloc(buffer, GCHandleType.Pinned);
   SerialAsyncResult sar = new SerialAsyncResult(this, state, callback, false, gchBuffer);
   Overlapped ov = new Overlapped(0, 0, sar.AsyncWaitHandle.Handle.ToInt32(), sar);
   unsafe {
    NativeOverlapped* nov = ov.Pack(m_IOCompletionCallback);
    byte* data = (byte*)((int)gchBuffer.AddrOfPinnedObject() + offset);

    uint written = 0;
    if (WriteFile(m_hFile, data, (uint)count, out written, nov)) {
     sar.m_bCompletedSynchronously = true;
     return sar;
    }
    else if (GetLastError() == ERROR_IO_PENDING) {
     return sar;
    }
    else
     throw new Exception("Unable to initialize write. Errorcode: " + GetLastError().ToString());
   }
  }

        private int EndOperation(IAsyncResult asyncResult, bool isRead) {
            SerialAsyncResult sar = (SerialAsyncResult)asyncResult;
            if (sar.m_bIsRead != isRead)
                throw new IOException("Invalid parameter: IAsyncResult is not from a " + (isRead ? "read" : "write"));
   if (sar.EndOperationCalled) {
    throw new IOException("End" + (isRead ? "Read" : "Write") + " called twice for the same operation.");
   }
   else {
    sar.m_bEndOperationCalled = true;
   }

            while (!sar.m_bCompleted) {
                sar.AsyncWaitHandle.WaitOne();
            }

            sar.Dispose();

            if (sar.m_nErrorCode != ERROR_SUCCESS && sar.m_nErrorCode != ERROR_OPERATION_ABORTED) {
                throw new IOException("Operation finished with errorcode: " + sar.m_nErrorCode);
            }

            return sar.m_nReadWritten;
        }
  
  public override int EndRead(IAsyncResult asyncResult) {
   return EndOperation(asyncResult, true);
  }
  
  public override void EndWrite(IAsyncResult asyncResult) {
            EndOperation(asyncResult, false);
  }

        public int EndWriteEx(IAsyncResult asyncResult) {
            return EndOperation(asyncResult, false);
        }

  public override int Read(byte[] buffer, int offset, int count) {
   return EndRead(BeginRead(buffer, offset, count, null, null));
  }

        public override void Write(byte[] buffer, int offset, int count) {
            EndWrite(BeginWrite(buffer, offset, count, null, null));
        }

        public int WriteEx(byte[] buffer, int offset, int count) {
            return EndWriteEx(BeginWrite(buffer, offset, count, null, null));
        }

        public int Read(byte[] buffer) {
            return EndRead(BeginRead(buffer, 0, buffer.Length, null, null));
        }

        public int Write(byte[] buffer) {
            return EndOperation(BeginWrite(buffer, 0, buffer.Length, null, null), false);
        }

  public override void Flush() {
   FlushFileBuffers(m_hFile);
  }

  public bool PurgeRead() {
   return PurgeComm(m_hFile, PURGE_RXCLEAR);
  }

  public bool PurgeWrite() {
   return PurgeComm(m_hFile, PURGE_TXCLEAR);
  }

  public bool Purge() {
   return PurgeRead() && PurgeWrite();
  }

  public bool CancelRead() {
   return PurgeComm(m_hFile, PURGE_RXABORT);
  }

  public bool CancelWrite() {
   return PurgeComm(m_hFile, PURGE_TXABORT);
  }

  public bool CancelAll() {
   return CancelRead() && CancelWrite();
  }

  public override void SetLength(long nLength) {
   throw new NotSupportedException("SetLength isn't supported on serial ports.");
  }

  public override long Seek(long offset, SeekOrigin origin) {
   throw new NotSupportedException("Seek isn't supported on serial ports.");
  }

  public void SetTimeouts(int ReadIntervalTimeout,
                       int ReadTotalTimeoutMultiplier,
                       int ReadTotalTimeoutConstant,
        int WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier,
                       int WriteTotalTimeoutConstant) {
   SerialTimeouts Timeouts = new SerialTimeouts(ReadIntervalTimeout,
                                             ReadTotalTimeoutMultiplier,
                                             ReadTotalTimeoutConstant,
                           WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier,
                                             WriteTotalTimeoutConstant);
   unsafe { SetCommTimeouts(m_hFile, ref Timeouts); }
  }

  public bool SetPortSettings(uint baudrate) {
   return SetPortSettings(baudrate, FlowControl.Hardware);
  }

  public bool SetPortSettings(uint baudrate, FlowControl flowControl) {
   return SetPortSettings(baudrate, flowControl, Parity.None);
  }

  public bool SetPortSettings(uint baudrate, FlowControl flowControl, Parity parity) {
   return SetPortSettings(baudrate, flowControl, parity, 8, StopBits.One);
  }

  public bool SetPortSettings(uint baudrate, FlowControl flowControl, Parity parity, byte databits, StopBits stopbits) {
   unsafe {
    DCB dcb = new DCB();
    dcb.DCBlength = sizeof(DCB);
    dcb.BaudRate = baudrate;
    dcb.ByteSize = databits;
    dcb.StopBits = (byte)stopbits;
    dcb.Parity = (byte)parity;
    dcb.fParity = (parity > 0)? 1U : 0U;
    dcb.fBinary = dcb.fDtrControl = dcb.fTXContinueOnXoff = 1;
    dcb.fOutxCtsFlow = dcb.fAbortOnError = (flowControl == FlowControl.Hardware)? 1U : 0U;
    dcb.fOutX = dcb.fInX = (flowControl == FlowControl.XOnXOff)? 1U : 0U;
    dcb.fRtsControl = (flowControl == FlowControl.Hardware)? 2U : 1U;
    dcb.XonLim = 2048;
    dcb.XoffLim = 512;
    dcb.XonChar = 0x11; // Ctrl-Q
    dcb.XoffChar = 0x13; // Ctrl-S
    return SetCommState(m_hFile, ref dcb);
   }
  }

  public bool SetPortSettings(DCB dcb) {
   return SetCommState(m_hFile, ref dcb);
  }

  public bool GetPortSettings(out DCB dcb) {
   unsafe {
    DCB dcb2 = new DCB();
    dcb2.DCBlength = sizeof(DCB);
    bool ret = GetCommState(m_hFile, ref dcb2);
    dcb = dcb2;
    return ret;
   }
  }

  public bool SetXOn() {
   return EscapeCommFunction(m_hFile, SETXON);
  }

  public bool SetXOff() {
   return EscapeCommFunction(m_hFile, SETXOFF);
  }

  private unsafe void AsyncFSCallback(uint errorCode, uint numBytes, NativeOverlapped* pOverlapped) {
   SerialAsyncResult sar = (SerialAsyncResult)Overlapped.Unpack(pOverlapped).AsyncResult;

            sar.m_nErrorCode = errorCode;
            sar.m_nReadWritten = (int)numBytes;
            sar.m_bCompleted = true;

   if (sar.Callback != null)
    sar.Callback.Invoke(sar);

            Overlapped.Free(pOverlapped);
        }

  #endregion Methods

  #region Constants

  private const uint PURGE_TXABORT = 0x0001;  // Kill the pending/current writes to the comm port.
  private const uint PURGE_RXABORT = 0x0002;  // Kill the pending/current reads to the comm port.
  private const uint PURGE_TXCLEAR = 0x0004;  // Kill the transmit queue if there.
  private const uint PURGE_RXCLEAR = 0x0008;  // Kill the typeahead buffer if there.

  private const uint SETXOFF  = 1; // Simulate XOFF received
  private const uint SETXON   = 2; // Simulate XON received
  private const uint SETRTS = 3; // Set RTS high
  private const uint CLRRTS = 4; // Set RTS low
  private const uint SETDTR = 5; // Set DTR high
  private const uint CLRDTR = 6; // Set DTR low
  private const uint SETBREAK = 8; // Set the device break line.
  private const uint CLRBREAK = 9; // Clear the device break line.

  private const uint MS_CTS_ON  = 0x0010;
  private const uint MS_DSR_ON  = 0x0020;
  private const uint MS_RING_ON = 0x0040;
  private const uint MS_RLSD_ON = 0x0080;

  private const uint FILE_FLAG_OVERLAPPED = 0x40000000;

  private const uint OPEN_EXISTING = 3;

  private const int  INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE = -1;

  private const uint GENERIC_READ = 0x80000000;
  private const uint GENERIC_WRITE = 0x40000000;

  private const uint ERROR_SUCCESS = 0;
  private const uint ERROR_OPERATION_ABORTED = 995;
  private const uint ERROR_IO_PENDING = 997;

  #endregion Constants

  #region Enums

  public enum Parity {None, Odd, Even, Mark, Space};
  public enum StopBits {One, OneAndHalf, Two};
  public enum FlowControl {None, XOnXOff, Hardware};

  #endregion Enums

  #region Classes

  [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
  public struct DCB {

   #region Attributes

   public int DCBlength;
   public uint BaudRate;
   public uint Flags;
   public ushort wReserved;
   public ushort XonLim;
   public ushort XoffLim;
   public byte ByteSize;
   public byte Parity;
   public byte StopBits;
   public sbyte XonChar;
   public sbyte XoffChar;
   public sbyte ErrorChar;
   public sbyte EofChar;
   public sbyte EvtChar;
   public ushort wReserved1;

   #endregion Attributes

   #region Properties

   public uint fBinary { get { return Flags&0x0001; }
          set { Flags = Flags & ~1U | value; } }
   public uint fParity { get { return (Flags>>1)&1; }
          set { Flags = Flags & ~(1U << 1) | (value << 1); } }
   public uint fOutxCtsFlow { get { return (Flags>>2)&1; }
          set { Flags = Flags & ~(1U << 2) | (value << 2); } }
   public uint fOutxDsrFlow { get { return (Flags>>3)&1; }
          set { Flags = Flags & ~(1U << 3) | (value << 3); } }
   public uint fDtrControl { get { return (Flags>>4)&3; }
          set { Flags = Flags & ~(3U << 4) | (value << 4); } }
   public uint fDsrSensitivity { get { return (Flags>>6)&1; }
          set { Flags = Flags & ~(1U << 6) | (value << 6); } }
   public uint fTXContinueOnXoff { get { return (Flags>>7)&1; }
          set { Flags = Flags & ~(1U << 7) | (value << 7); } }
   public uint fOutX { get { return (Flags>>8)&1; }
          set { Flags = Flags & ~(1U << 8) | (value << 8); } }
   public uint fInX { get { return (Flags>>9)&1; }
          set { Flags = Flags & ~(1U << 9) | (value << 9); } }
   public uint fErrorChar { get { return (Flags>>10)&1; }
          set { Flags = Flags & ~(1U << 10) | (value << 10); } }
   public uint fNull { get { return (Flags>>11)&1; }
          set { Flags = Flags & ~(1U << 11) | (value << 11); } }
   public uint fRtsControl { get { return (Flags>>12)&3; }
          set { Flags = Flags & ~(3U << 12) | (value << 12); } }
   public uint fAbortOnError { get { return (Flags>>14)&1; }
          set { Flags = Flags & ~(1U << 14) | (value << 14); } }

   #endregion Properties

   #region Methods

   public override string ToString() {
    return "DCBlength: " + DCBlength + "/r/n" +
     "BaudRate: " + BaudRate + "/r/n" +
     "fBinary: " + fBinary + "/r/n" +
     "fParity: " + fParity + "/r/n" +
     "fOutxCtsFlow: " + fOutxCtsFlow + "/r/n" +
     "fOutxDsrFlow: " + fOutxDsrFlow + "/r/n" +
     "fDtrControl: " + fDtrControl + "/r/n" +
     "fDsrSensitivity: " + fDsrSensitivity + "/r/n" +
     "fTXContinueOnXoff: " + fTXContinueOnXoff + "/r/n" +
     "fOutX: " + fOutX + "/r/n" +
     "fInX: " + fInX + "/r/n" +
     "fErrorChar: " + fErrorChar + "/r/n" +
     "fNull: " + fNull + "/r/n" +
     "fRtsControl: " + fRtsControl + "/r/n" +
     "fAbortOnError: " + fAbortOnError + "/r/n" +
     "XonLim: " + XonLim + "/r/n" +
     "XoffLim: " + XoffLim + "/r/n" +
     "ByteSize: " + ByteSize + "/r/n" +
     "Parity: " + Parity + "/r/n" +
     "StopBits: " + StopBits + "/r/n" +
     "XonChar: " + XonChar + "/r/n" +
     "XoffChar: " + XoffChar + "/r/n" +
     "EofChar: " + EofChar + "/r/n" +
     "EvtChar: " + EvtChar + "/r/n";
   }

   #endregion Methods
  }

  private class SerialAsyncResult : IAsyncResult, IDisposable {

   #region Attributes

   internal bool m_bEndOperationCalled = false;
   internal bool m_bIsRead;
   internal int m_nReadWritten = 0;
   internal bool m_bCompleted = false;
            internal bool m_bCompletedSynchronously = false;
            internal uint m_nErrorCode = ERROR_SUCCESS;

   private object m_AsyncObject;
   private object m_StateObject;
   private ManualResetEvent m_WaitHandle = new ManualResetEvent(false);
   private AsyncCallback m_Callback;
   private GCHandle m_gchBuffer;

   #endregion Attributes

   #region Properties

   internal bool EndOperationCalled { get { return m_bEndOperationCalled; } }

   public bool IsCompleted { get { return m_bCompleted; } }

   public bool CompletedSynchronously { get { return m_bCompletedSynchronously; } }

   public object AsyncObject { get { return m_AsyncObject; } }

   public object AsyncState { get { return m_StateObject; } }

   public WaitHandle AsyncWaitHandle { get { return m_WaitHandle; } }
   internal ManualResetEvent WaitHandle { get { return m_WaitHandle; } }

   public AsyncCallback Callback { get { return m_Callback; } }

   #endregion Properties

   #region Constructors

   public SerialAsyncResult(object asyncObject,
    object stateObject,
    AsyncCallback callback,
    bool bIsRead,
    GCHandle gchBuffer) {

    m_AsyncObject = asyncObject;
    m_StateObject = stateObject;
    m_Callback = callback;
    m_bIsRead = bIsRead;
    m_gchBuffer = gchBuffer;
   }

   #endregion Constructors

   #region Methods

   public void Dispose() {
    m_WaitHandle.Close();
    m_gchBuffer.Free();
   }

   #endregion Methods
  }

  #endregion Classes

  #region Imports

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll", EntryPoint="CreateFileW",  SetLastError=true,
   CharSet=CharSet.Unicode, ExactSpelling=true)]
  static extern IntPtr CreateFile(string filename, uint access, uint sharemode, uint security_attributes, uint creation, uint flags, uint template);

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
  static extern bool CloseHandle(IntPtr handle);

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
  static extern unsafe bool ReadFile(IntPtr hFile, byte* lpBuffer, uint nNumberOfBytesToRead, out uint lpNumberOfBytesRead, NativeOverlapped* lpOverlapped);

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
  static extern unsafe bool WriteFile(IntPtr hFile, byte* lpBuffer, uint nNumberOfBytesToWrite, out uint lpNumberOfBytesWritten, NativeOverlapped* lpOverlapped);

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
  static extern bool SetCommTimeouts(IntPtr hFile, ref SerialTimeouts lpCommTimeouts);

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
  static extern bool SetCommState(IntPtr hFile, ref DCB lpDCB);

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
  static extern bool GetCommState(IntPtr hFile, ref DCB lpDCB);

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
  static extern bool BuildCommDCB(string def, ref DCB lpDCB);

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
  static extern int GetLastError();

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
  static extern bool FlushFileBuffers(IntPtr hFile);

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
  static extern bool PurgeComm(IntPtr hFile, uint dwFlags);

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
  static extern bool EscapeCommFunction(IntPtr hFile, uint dwFunc);

  [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
  static extern bool GetCommModemStatus(IntPtr hFile, out uint modemStat);

  #endregion Imports
 }

 [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
 public struct SerialTimeouts {

  #region Attributes

  public int ReadIntervalTimeout;
  public int ReadTotalTimeoutMultiplier;
  public int ReadTotalTimeoutConstant;
  public int WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier;
  public int WriteTotalTimeoutConstant;

  #endregion Attributes

  #region Constructors

  public SerialTimeouts(int r1, int r2, int r3, int w1, int w2) {
   ReadIntervalTimeout = r1;
   ReadTotalTimeoutMultiplier = r2;
   ReadTotalTimeoutConstant = r3;
   WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier = w1;
   WriteTotalTimeoutConstant = w2;
  }

  #endregion Constructors

  #region Methods

  public override string ToString() {
   return "ReadIntervalTimeout: " + ReadIntervalTimeout + "/r/n" +
       "ReadTotalTimeoutMultiplier: " + ReadTotalTimeoutMultiplier + "/r/n" +
       "ReadTotalTimeoutConstant: " + ReadTotalTimeoutConstant + "/r/n" +
       "WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier: " + WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier + "/r/n" +
       "WriteTotalTimeoutConstant: " + WriteTotalTimeoutConstant + "/r/n";
  }

  #endregion Methods
 }
}
 


原文链接:http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet/article/details/1536679
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