php使用NuSoap产生webservice结合WSDL让asp.net调用

晨曦之光 发布于 2012/03/09 14:48
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<?php   
require_once("nusoap-0.9.5/lib/nusoap.php");   
//定义服务程序       
function Add($a,$b)
{
      return $a+$b;
}
//初始化服务对象 , 这个对象是类 soap_server 的一个实例    
$soap = new soap_server;   
//调用服务对象的 register 方法注册需要被客户端访问的程序。   
//只有注册过的程序,才能被远程客户端访问到。   
$soap->configureWSDL('EventWSDL', 'http://tempuri.org/');
$soap->register('Add',  array("a"=>"xsd:string","b"=>"xsd:string"), // 输入参数的定义   
array("return"=>"xsd:string") // 返回参数的定义   
);  
//最后一步,把客户端通过 post 方式提交的数据,传递给服务对象的 service 方法。    
//service 方法处理输入的数据,调用相应的函数或方法,并且生成正确的反馈,传回给客户端。   
$HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA = isset($HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA) ? $HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA : '';  
$soap->service($HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA);  
?> 


asp.net调用

lt.EventWSDL ew =new webserviceTest.lt.EventWSDL();
            Response.Write(ew.Add("1","7").ToString());


=================================

参考:

 

使用NuSOAP结合WSDL来编程
类别:PHP 评论:0 浏览:513 发表时间:2009-09-10 16:59:38
 From: http://www.scottnichol.com/nusoapprogwsdl.htm

这篇文章是接着 Introduction to NuSOAP, Programming with NuSOAPProgramming with NuSOAP Part 2 这三篇,增加了一些实例来说明如何使用 NuSOAP 结合 WSDL 来创建和使用 SOAP web service。

 Hello, World Redux
The New Client
Defining New Data Structures

Hello, World Redux

我在 Introduction to NuSOAP 使用普遍的 “Hello,World” 实例,在那篇文章中,我演示了客户端和服务器端的请求和响应的交互,这里,我将使用 WSDL 来扩展那个实例。

 WSDL 文件为 service 提供了 metadata,NuSOAP 允许程序员指定使用 soap_server 类的附加字段和方法的 service 创建的 WSDL。

 Service 的代码必须依照产生的正确的 WSDL 的顺序做很多事情。service 的信息通过调用 configureWSDL 方法来指定,每个方法的信息也通过提供 register 方法的附加参数来指定,使用 WSDL 的 service 代码在下面的实例中演示:
<?php
// Pull in the NuSOAP code
require_once('nusoap.php');
// Create the server instance
$server = new soap_server();
// Initialize WSDL support
$server->configureWSDL('hellowsdl', 'urn:hellowsdl');
// Register the method to expose
$server->register('hello',                // method name
array('name' => 'xsd:string'),        // input parameters
array('return' => 'xsd:string'),      // output parameters
'urn:hellowsdl',                      // namespace
'urn:hellowsdl#hello',                // soapaction
'rpc',                                // style
'encoded',                            // use
'Says hello to the caller'            // documentation
);
// Define the method as a PHP function
function hello($name) {
return 'Hello, ' . $name;
}
// Use the request to (try to) invoke the service
$HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA = isset($HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA) ? $HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA : '';
$server->service($HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA);
?>

现在有些魔幻了,在你的浏览器上打开 service 的地址,在我的环境上是 http://localhost/phphack/hellowsdl.php,页面返回的内容提供了可以查看 service 的 WSDL 或者 查看每个方法信息的链接,这个实例是 hello 方法,页面显示的内容类似下图:

 

因此,只需要在 service 中加入很少的代码,NuSOAP 就可以提供 service 的阅读文档,但是那不是全部。在页面单击每一个 WSDL 链接或者在 URL 后加上 “?wsdl” 字符串,你就可以看到如下的 WSDL :
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<definitions xmlns:SOAP-ENV="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"
xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xmlns:SOAP-ENC="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"
xmlns:si="http://soapinterop.org/xsd"
xmlns:tns="urn:hellowsdl"
xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap/"
xmlns:wsdl="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/"
xmlns="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/"
targetNamespace="urn:hellowsdl">
<types>
<xsd:schema targetNamespace="urn:hellowsdl">
<xsd:import namespace="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/" />
<xsd:import namespace="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/" />
</xsd:schema>
</types>
<message name="helloRequest">
<part name="name" type="xsd:string" />
</message>
<message name="helloResponse">
<part name="return" type="xsd:string" />
</message>
<portType name="hellowsdlPortType">
<operation name="hello">
<documentation>Says hello to the caller</documentation>
<input message="tns:helloRequest"/>
<output message="tns:helloResponse"/>
</operation>
</portType>
<binding name="hellowsdlBinding" type="tns:hellowsdlPortType">
<soap:binding style="rpc" transport="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http"/>
<operation name="hello">
<soap:operation soapAction="urn:hellowsdl#hello" style="rpc"/>
<input>
<soap:body use="encoded" namespace="urn:hellowsdl"
encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"/>
</input>
<output>
<soap:body use="encoded" namespace="urn:hellowsdl"
encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"/>
</output>
</operation>
</binding>
<service name="hellowsdl">
<port name="hellowsdlPort" binding="tns:hellowsdlBinding">
<soap:address location="http://localhost/phphack/hellowsdl.php"/>
</port>
</service>
</definitions>

The New Client

在 service 中加入一些 NuSOAP WSDL 调用让它产生 WSDL 和其它的文档。相比之下,支持 WSDL 的客户端是突减的(anti-climactic),是少在这个简单的例子是。下面这个简单的例子和之前没有 WSDL 的客户端代码没有什么不同,唯一的不同是 soapclient 类的构造函数提供了一个 WSDL 的 URL 作为参数,而不是service 的地址。
<?php
// Pull in the NuSOAP code
require_once('nusoap.php');
// Create the client instance
$client = new soapclient('http://localhost/phphack/hellowsdl.php?wsdl', true);
// Check for an error
$err = $client->getError();
if ($err) {
// Display the error
echo '<h2>Constructor error</h2><pre>' . $err . '</pre>';
// At this point, you know the call that follows will fail
}
// Call the SOAP method
$result = $client->call('hello', array('name' => 'Scott'));
// Check for a fault
if ($client->fault) {
echo '<h2>Fault</h2><pre>';
print_r($result);
echo '</pre>';
} else {
// Check for errors
$err = $client->getError();
if ($err) {
// Display the error
echo '<h2>Error</h2><pre>' . $err . '</pre>';
} else {
// Display the result
echo '<h2>Result</h2><pre>';
print_r($result);
echo '</pre>';
}
}
// Display the request and response
echo '<h2>Request</h2>';
echo '<pre>' . htmlspecialchars($client->request, ENT_QUOTES) . '</pre>';
echo '<h2>Response</h2>';
echo '<pre>' . htmlspecialchars($client->response, ENT_QUOTES) . '</pre>';
// Display the debug messages
echo '<h2>Debug</h2>';
echo '<pre>' . htmlspecialchars($client->debug_str, ENT_QUOTES) . '</pre>';
?>

这里是 WSDL 实现的请求和响应信息: 
POST /phphack/hellowsdl.php HTTP/1.0
Host: localhost
User-Agent: NuSOAP/0.6.8 (1.81)
Content-Type: text/xml; charset=ISO-8859-1
SOAPAction: &quoturn:hellowsdl#hello"
Content-Length: 550

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<SOAP-ENV:Envelope SOAP-ENV:encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"
   xmlns:SOAP-ENV="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"
   xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xmlns:SOAP-ENC="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"
   xmlns:si="http://soapinterop.org/xsd"
   xmlns:tns="urn:hellowsdl">
<SOAP-ENV:Body>
<tns:hello xmlns:tns="urn:hellowsdl">
<name xsi:type="xsd:string">Scott</name>
</tns:hello>
</SOAP-ENV:Body>
</SOAP-ENV:Envelope>

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: Microsoft-IIS/5.0
Date: Wed, 03 Nov 2004 21:05:34 GMT
X-Powered-By: ASP.NET
X-Powered-By: PHP/4.3.4
Server: NuSOAP Server v0.6.8
X-SOAP-Server: NuSOAP/0.6.8 (1.81)
Content-Type: text/xml; charset=ISO-8859-1
Content-Length: 551

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<SOAP-ENV:Envelope SOAP-ENV:encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"
   xmlns:SOAP-ENV="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"
   xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xmlns:SOAP-ENC="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"
   xmlns:si="http://soapinterop.org/xsd">
<SOAP-ENV:Body>
<ns1:helloResponse xmlns:ns1="urn:hellowsdl">
<return xsi:type="xsd:string">Hello, Scott</return>
</helloResponse>
</SOAP-ENV:Body>
</SOAP-ENV:Envelope>

Defining New Data Structures

WSDL 一个重要的方面是它封装了一个或多个 XML 结构,允许程序员通过 service 来描述数据结构,为了说明 NuSOAP 如何支持这个,我会在 Programming with NuSOAP Part 2 文章中的 SOAP struct 实例中加入 WSDL 代码。

service 代码的改变已经显示在 Hello, World 实例中,但是它也包含了定义 Person 数据结构的代码:

<?php
// Pull in the NuSOAP code
require_once('nusoap.php');
// Create the server instance
$server = new soap_server();
// Initialize WSDL support
$server->configureWSDL('hellowsdl2', 'urn:hellowsdl2');
// Register the data structures used by the service
$server->wsdl->addComplexType(
'Person',
'complexType',
'struct',
'all',
'',
array(
'firstname' => array('name' => 'firstname', 'type' => 'xsd:string'),
'age' => array('name' => 'age', 'type' => 'xsd:int'),
'gender' => array('name' => 'gender', 'type' => 'xsd:string')
)
);
$server->wsdl->addComplexType(
'SweepstakesGreeting',
'complexType',
'struct',
'all',
'',
array(
'greeting' => array('name' => 'greeting', 'type' => 'xsd:string'),
'winner' => array('name' => 'winner', 'type' => 'xsd:boolean')
)
);
// Register the method to expose
$server->register('hello',                    // method name
array('person' => 'tns:Person'),          // input parameters
array('return' => 'tns:SweepstakesGreeting'),    // output parameters
'urn:hellowsdl2',                         // namespace
'urn:hellowsdl2#hello',                   // soapaction
'rpc',                                    // style
'encoded',                                // use
'Greet a person entering the sweepstakes'        // documentation
);
// Define the method as a PHP function
function hello($person) {
$greeting = 'Hello, ' . $person['firstname'] .
'. It is nice to meet a ' . $person['age'] .
' year old ' . $person['gender'] . '.';

$winner = $person['firstname'] == 'Scott';

return array(
'greeting' => $greeting,
'winner' => $winner
);
}
// Use the request to (try to) invoke the service
$HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA = isset($HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA) ? $HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA : '';
$server->service($HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA);
?>

除了支持 WSDL 的附加代码之外,service 方法的代码本身也有一点改变,使用 WSDL ,不再需要使用 soapval 对象来为返回值指定名称和数据类型。
相似的, WSDL 客户端不需要使用 soapval 指定参数的名称和数据类型,演示代码如下:
<?php
// Pull in the NuSOAP code
require_once('nusoap.php');
// Create the client instance
$client = new soapclient('http://localhost/phphack/hellowsdl2.php?wsdl', true);
// Check for an error
$err = $client->getError();
if ($err) {
// Display the error
echo '<h2>Constructor error</h2><pre>' . $err . '</pre>';
// At this point, you know the call that follows will fail
}
// Call the SOAP method
$person = array('firstname' => 'Willi', 'age' => 22, 'gender' => 'male');
$result = $client->call('hello', array('person' => $person));
// Check for a fault
if ($client->fault) {
echo '<h2>Fault</h2><pre>';
print_r($result);
echo '</pre>';
} else {
// Check for errors
$err = $client->getError();
if ($err) {
// Display the error
echo '<h2>Error</h2><pre>' . $err . '</pre>';
} else {
// Display the result
echo '<h2>Result</h2><pre>';
print_r($result);
echo '</pre>';
}
}
// Display the request and response
echo '<h2>Request</h2>';
echo '<pre>' . htmlspecialchars($client->request, ENT_QUOTES) . '</pre>';
echo '<h2>Response</h2>';
echo '<pre>' . htmlspecialchars($client->response, ENT_QUOTES) . '</pre>';
// Display the debug messages
echo '<h2>Debug</h2>';
echo '<pre>' . htmlspecialchars($client->debug_str, ENT_QUOTES) . '</pre>';
?>

WSDL 是客户端多于一个功能,使用代理而不是用 soapclinet 类的 call 方法。代理(proxy)是一个类,它映射到 service 。因此,它具备了与 service 相同参数的相同方法,一些程序员更喜欢使用代理因为方法是作为用户一个实例的方法来调用的,而不是通过 call 方法,一个使用代理的实例如下:
<?php
// Pull in the NuSOAP code
require_once('nusoap.php');
// Create the client instance
$client = new soapclient('http://localhost/phphack/hellowsdl2.php?wsdl', true);
// Check for an error
$err = $client->getError();
if ($err) {
// Display the error
echo '<h2>Constructor error</h2><pre>' . $err . '</pre>';
// At this point, you know the call that follows will fail
}
// Create the proxy
$proxy = $client->getProxy();
// Call the SOAP method
$person = array('firstname' => 'Willi', 'age' => 22, 'gender' => 'male');
$result = $proxy->hello($person);
// Check for a fault
if ($proxy->fault) {
echo '<h2>Fault</h2><pre>';
print_r($result);
echo '</pre>';
} else {
// Check for errors
$err = $proxy->getError();
if ($err) {
// Display the error
echo '<h2>Error</h2><pre>' . $err . '</pre>';
} else {
// Display the result
echo '<h2>Result</h2><pre>';
print_r($result);
echo '</pre>';
}
}
// Display the request and response
echo '<h2>Request</h2>';
echo '<pre>' . htmlspecialchars($proxy->request, ENT_QUOTES) . '</pre>';
echo '<h2>Response</h2>';
echo '<pre>' . htmlspecialchars($proxy->response, ENT_QUOTES) . '</pre>';
// Display the debug messages
echo '<h2>Debug</h2>';
echo '<pre>' . htmlspecialchars($proxy->debug_str, ENT_QUOTES) . '</pre>';
?>

尽管可以使用常规的和代理的编码风格,但是请求和响应的信息是相同的。
POST /phphack/hellowsdl2.php HTTP/1.0
Host: localhost
User-Agent: NuSOAP/0.6.8 (1.81)
Content-Type: text/xml; charset=ISO-8859-1
SOAPAction: "urn:hellowsdl2#hello"
Content-Length: 676

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<SOAP-ENV:Envelope SOAP-ENV:encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"
   xmlns:SOAP-ENV="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"
   xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xmlns:SOAP-ENC="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"
   xmlns:si="http://soapinterop.org/xsd"
   xmlns:tns="urn:hellowsdl2">
<SOAP-ENV:Body>
<tns:hello xmlns:tns="urn:hellowsdl2">
<person xsi:type="tns:Person">
<firstname xsi:type="xsd:string">Willi</firstname>
<age xsi:type="xsd:int">22</age>
<gender xsi:type="xsd:string">male</gender>
</person>
</tns:hello>
</SOAP-ENV:Body>
</SOAP-ENV:Envelope>


HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: Microsoft-IIS/5.0
Date: Wed, 03 Nov 2004 21:20:44 GMT
X-Powered-By: ASP.NET
X-Powered-By: PHP/4.3.4
Server: NuSOAP Server v0.6.8
X-SOAP-Server: NuSOAP/0.6.8 (1.81)
Content-Type: text/xml; charset=ISO-8859-1
Content-Length: 720

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<SOAP-ENV:Envelope SOAP-ENV:encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"
   xmlns:SOAP-ENV="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"
   xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xmlns:SOAP-ENC="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"
   xmlns:si="http://soapinterop.org/xsd"
   xmlns:tns="urn:hellowsdl2">
<SOAP-ENV:Body>
<ns1:helloResponse xmlns:ns1="urn:hellowsdl2">
<return xsi:type="tns:SweepstakesGreeting">
<greeting xsi:type="xsd:string">
    Hello, Willi. It is nice to meet a 22 year old male.
</greeting>
<winner xsi:type="xsd:boolean">0</winner>
</return>
</helloResponse>
</SOAP-ENV:Body>
</SOAP-ENV:Envelope>

 


原文链接:http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet/article/details/6933381
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