Android源码错误处理

晨曦之光 发布于 2012/03/05 15:34
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1.安装Ubuntu 10.10
      可选择使用Wubi安装。

2.安装Python
      Ubuntu 10.10 已经安装了2.6版。

3.安装JDK
      更新软件库:
      sudo add-apt-repository "deb http://archive.canonical.com/ lucid partner"
      sudo apt-get update
      下载JDK:
      使用新立得软件包管理器下载 sun-java6-jdk或执行命令:sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jdk
      修改当前使用的JDK版本:sudo update-alternatives --config java

4.安装所需的组件
      To set up your development environment, install the following required packages:
      执行命令:sudo apt-get install git-core gnupg flex bison gperf build-essential zip curl zlib1g-dev libc6-dev lib32ncurses5-dev ia32-libs x11proto-core-dev libx11-dev lib32readline5-dev lib32z-dev

      For building Froyo or an older release on a 64-bit system, several other packages are necessary to establish a 32-bit build  environment:
      执行命令:sudo apt-get install gcc-multilib g++-multilib libc6-i386 libc6-dev-i386

5.安装几个必须库
      进入新立得软件包管理器勾选lib32z1-dev、zlib-bin并安装。

6.Android编译需要安装mtd-utils(该程序不能升级,使用指定版本mtd-utils_20090606-1_amd64.deb)
      使用强制安装方式:sudo dpkg -i 文件名
      此组件是用来创建UBI文件系统的。

7.安装GCC编译器
      系统已经默认安装了4.4.5版。

8.安装交叉编译工具arm-linux-gcc(PAO的默认配置为源码放在主文件夹的project下,arm-linux-gcc放在project的tools下)
      A.解压arm-linux-gcc-4.5.1-v6-vfp-20101103.tgz,执行命令:
         tar xvzf arm-linux-gcc-4.5.1-v6-vfp-20101103.tgz –C home/administrator/project/tools/
         cp -r home/administrator/project/tools/opt/FriendlyARM/toolschain/4.5.1 /home/administrator/project/tools/arm-linux-4.5.1/
         rm -rf home/administrator/project/tools/opt
      B.设置环境变量(多个变量时用“:”分格):
             sudo gedit /etc/profile
             在最后添加:PATH=$PATH:/home/administrator/project/tools/arm-linux-4.5.1/bin
      C.重新登录后运行:arm-linux-gcc --v 测试是否安装成功。

9.错误处理
      在Ubuntu10.10(64位)编译Android2.3源码时,遇到各种各样的问题。不是缺这个,就是少那个。现把这些问题和解决方法罗列出来,供大家参考。

错误:
/usr/include/gnu/stubs.h:7:27: error: gnu/stubs-32.h: No such file or directory
make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/acp_intermediates/acp.o] 错误 1

解决:
sudo apt-get install libc6-dev-i386

错误:
make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/acp_intermediates/acp] error 1

解决:
sudo apt-get install g++-multilib

错误:
external/clearsilver/cgi/cgi.c:22: fatal error: zlib.h: No such file or directory
compilation terminated.
make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/SHARED_LIBRARIES/libneo_cgi_intermediates/cgi.o] Error 1

解决:
sudo apt-get install zlib1g-dev

错误:
/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lz
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/aapt_intermediates/aapt] Error 1

解决:
sudo apt-get install lib32z1-dev

错误:
bison -d  -o out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/aidl_intermediates/aidl_language_y.cpp frameworks/base/tools/aidl/aidl_language_y.y
/bin/bash: bison: command not found
make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/aidl_intermediates/aidl_language_y.cpp] Error 127

解决:
sudo apt-get install bison

错误:
Lex: aidl <= frameworks/base/tools/aidl/aidl_language_l.l
/bin/bash: flex: command not found
make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/aidl_intermediates/aidl_language_l.cpp] Error 127

解决:
sudo apt-get install flex

错误:
/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lncurses
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/adb_intermediates/adb] Error 1

解决:
sudo apt-get install lib32ncurses5-dev

错误:
prebuilt/linux-x86/sdl/include/SDL/SDL_syswm.h:55: fatal error: X11/Xlib.h: No such file or directory
compilation terminated.
make: *** [out/host/linux-x86/obj/EXECUTABLES/emulator_intermediates/android/main-common.o] Error 1

解决:
sudo apt-get install libx11-dev

错误:
sh: gperf: not found
calling gperf failed: 32512 at ./makeprop.pl line 96.
make: *** [out/target/product/generic/obj/STATIC_LIBRARIES/libwebcore_intermediates/WebCore/css/CSSPropertyNames.h] Error 25
make: *** Deleting file `out/target/product/generic/obj/STATIC_LIBRARIES/libwebcore_intermediates/WebCore/css/CSSPropertyNames.h'

解决:
sudo apt-get install gperf

错误:
build/core/java.mk:9: *** bin: Target java module does not define any source or resource files. Stop.

解决:
      删除源码根目录下的bin文件夹,这个文件夹是导入eclipse时创建的。

10.相关资料
      A.http://source.android.com/source/initializing.html;
      B.mini6410用户手册。

原文链接:http://blog.csdn.net/jinliang_890905/article/details/7270230
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