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MySQL压力测试工具mysqlslap
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MySQL从5.1.4版开始带有一个压力测试工具mysqlslap,通过模拟多个并发客户端访问mysql来执行测试,使用起来非常的简单。通过mysqlslap –help可以获得可用的选项,这里列一些主要的参数,更详细的说明参考官方手册

–auto-generate-sql, -a
自动生成测试表和数据

–auto-generate-sql-load-type=type
测试语句的类型。取值包括:read,key,write,update和mixed(默认)。

–number-char-cols=N, -x N
自动生成的测试表中包含多少个字符类型的列,默认1

–number-int-cols=N, -y N
自动生成的测试表中包含多少个数字类型的列,默认1

–number-of-queries=N
总的测试查询次数

–query=name,-q
使用自定义脚本执行测试,例如可以调用自定义的一个存储过程或者sql语句来执行测试。

–create-schema
测试的schema,MySQL中schema也就是database

–commint=N
多少条DML后提交一次

–compress, -C
如果服务器和客户端支持都压缩,则压缩信息传递

–concurrency=N, -c N
并发量,也就是模拟多少个客户端同时执行select。可指定多个值,以逗号或者–delimiter参数指定的值做为分隔符

–engine=engine_name, -e engine_name
创建测试表所使用的存储引擎,可指定多个

–iterations=N, -i N
测试执行的迭代次数

–detach=N
执行N条语句后断开重连

–debug-info, -T
打印内存和CPU的信息

–only-print
只打印测试语句而不实际执行

测试的过程需要生成测试表,插入测试数据,这个mysqlslap可以自动生成,默认生成一个mysqlslap的schema,如果已经存在则先删除,这里要注意了,不要用–create-schema指定已经存在的库,否则后果可能很严重。可以用–only-print来打印实际的测试过程:

$mysqlslap -a --only-print
DROP SCHEMA IF EXISTS `mysqlslap`;
CREATE SCHEMA `mysqlslap`;
use mysqlslap;
CREATE TABLE `t1` (intcol1 INT(32) ,charcol1 VARCHAR(128));
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (1804289383,'mxvtvmC9127qJNm06sGB8R92q2j7vTiiITRDGXM9ZLzkdekbWtmXKwZ2qG1llkRw5m9DHOFilEREk3q7oce8O3BEJC0woJsm6uzFAEynLH2xCsw1KQ1lT4zg9rdxBL');
...
SELECT intcol1,charcol1 FROM t1;
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (364531492,'qMa5SuKo4M5OM7ldvisSc6WK9rsG9E8sSixocHdgfa5uiiNTGFxkDJ4EAwWC2e4NL1BpAgWiFRcp1zIH6F1BayPdmwphatwnmzdwgzWnQ6SRxmcvtd6JRYwEKdvuWr');
DROP SCHEMA IF EXISTS `mysqlslap`;

可以看到最后由删除一开始创建的schema的动作,整个测试完成后不会在数据库中留下痕迹。假如我们执行一次测试,分别50和100个并发,执行1000次总查询,那么:

$mysqlslap -a --concurrency=50,100 --number-of-queries 1000 --debug-info
Benchmark
  Average number of seconds to run all queries: 0.375 seconds
  Minimum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.375 seconds
  Maximum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.375 seconds
  Number of clients running queries: 50
  Average number of queries per client: 20

Benchmark
  Average number of seconds to run all queries: 0.453 seconds
  Minimum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.453 seconds
  Maximum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.453 seconds
  Number of clients running queries: 100
  Average number of queries per client: 10

User time 0.29, System time 0.11
Maximum resident set size 0, Integral resident set size 0
Non-physical pagefaults 4032, Physical pagefaults 0, Swaps 0
Blocks in 0 out 0, Messages in 0 out 0, Signals 0
Voluntary context switches 7319, Involuntary context switches 681

上结果可以看出,50和100个并发分别得到一次测试结果(Benchmark),并发数越多,执行完所有查询的时间越长。为了准确起见,可以多迭代测试几次:

$ mysqlslap -a --concurrency=50,100 --number-of-queries 1000 --iterations=5 --debug-info
Benchmark
  Average number of seconds to run all queries: 0.380 seconds
  Minimum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.377 seconds
  Maximum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.385 seconds
  Number of clients running queries: 50
  Average number of queries per client: 20

Benchmark
  Average number of seconds to run all queries: 0.447 seconds
  Minimum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.444 seconds
  Maximum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.451 seconds
  Number of clients running queries: 100
  Average number of queries per client: 10

User time 1.44, System time 0.67
Maximum resident set size 0, Integral resident set size 0
Non-physical pagefaults 17922, Physical pagefaults 0, Swaps 0
Blocks in 0 out 0, Messages in 0 out 0, Signals 0
Voluntary context switches 36796, Involuntary context switches 4093

测试同时不同的存储引擎的性能进行对比:

$ mysqlslap -a --concurrency=50,100 --number-of-queries 1000 --iterations=5 --engine=myisam,innodbmysqlslap -a --concurrency=50,100 --number-of-queries 1000 --iterations=5 --engine=myisam,innodb --debug-info
Benchmark
  Running for engine myisam
  Average number of seconds to run all queries: 0.200 seconds
  Minimum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.188 seconds
  Maximum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.210 seconds
  Number of clients running queries: 50
  Average number of queries per client: 20

Benchmark
  Running for engine myisam
  Average number of seconds to run all queries: 0.238 seconds
  Minimum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.228 seconds
  Maximum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.251 seconds
  Number of clients running queries: 100
  Average number of queries per client: 10

Benchmark
  Running for engine innodb
  Average number of seconds to run all queries: 0.375 seconds
  Minimum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.370 seconds
  Maximum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.379 seconds
  Number of clients running queries: 50
  Average number of queries per client: 20

Benchmark
  Running for engine innodb
  Average number of seconds to run all queries: 0.443 seconds
  Minimum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.440 seconds
  Maximum number of seconds to run all queries: 0.447 seconds
  Number of clients running queries: 100
  Average number of queries per client: 10

User time 2.83, System time 1.66
Maximum resident set size 0, Integral resident set size 0
Non-physical pagefaults 34692, Physical pagefaults 0, Swaps 0
Blocks in 0 out 0, Messages in 0 out 0, Signals 0
Voluntary context switches 87306, Involuntary context switches 10326
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