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Intent跳转到系统应用中的拨号界面、联系人界面、短信界面及其他
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           现在开发中的功能需要直接跳转到拨号、联系人、短信界面等等,查找了很多资料,自己整理了一下。

         首先,我们先看拨号界面,代码如下:

Intent intent =new Intent();
        	intent.setAction("android.intent.action.CALL_BUTTON");
        	startActivity(intent);

和   

Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx"); 
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);   
startActivity(intent);

两者都行   

但是如果是跳转到应用,使用一下代码:

Intent intent= new Intent("android.intent.action.DIAL"); 
intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity");

          到通话记录界面:

Intent intent=new Intent();
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_CALL_BUTTON);
startActivity(intent);


             到联系人界面

Intent intent = new Intent(); 
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); 
intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI); 
startActivity(intent); 

同理,到应用:

Intent intent= new Intent("com.android.contacts.action.LIST_STREQUENT"); 
intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity");


          调用联系人界面:

Intent intent = new Intent(); 
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_PICK); 
intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI); 
startActivity(intent); 

          插入联系人
  Intent intent=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_EDIT,Uri.parse("content://com.android.contacts/contacts/"+"1"));
  startActivity(intent);

             到联系人列表界面      

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);
			intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/person");
			intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/contact");
			intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/raw_contact");
			intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.NAME, name);
			intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.COMPANY,company);
			intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE, tel);
			intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE, 3);


    到短信界面:

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
				intent.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");
//				intent.setData(Uri.parse("content://mms-sms/conversations/"));//此为号码
				startActivity(intent);

到应用:

Intent intent = new Intent("android.intent.action.CONVERSATION");
startActivity(intent);

以下是在网上找到的其他方法:


1.从google搜索内容 
Intent intent = new Intent(); 
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH); 
intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"searchString") 
startActivity(intent); 


2.浏览网页 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://www.google.com"); 
Intent it   = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri); 
startActivity(it); 

3.显示地图 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476"); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri); 
startActivity(it); 


4.路径规划 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en"); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI); 
startActivity(it);

 

5.拨打电话 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx"); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);   
startActivity(it);

uri = Uri.parse("tel:"+number);  
                intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CALL,uri);  
                startActivity(intent); 

其中不同自己试验一下就知道了。 

6.调用发短信的程序 


Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);   
it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");   
it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");   
startActivity(it);

和 

uri = Uri.parse("smsto:"+要发送短信的对方的number);  
                intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO,uri);  
                startActivity(intent);  
mIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);  
        mIntent.putExtra("address", c.getString(c.getColumnIndex(column)));  
        mIntent.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");  
        startActivity(mIntent);  

7.发送短信 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("smsto:0800000123");   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);   
it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");   
startActivity(it); 
String body="this is sms demo"; 
Intent mmsintent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null)); 
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body); 
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, true); 
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, true); 
startActivity(mmsintent); 

8.发送彩信 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra("sms_body", "some text");   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);   
it.setType("image/png");   
startActivity(it); 
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); 
sb.append("file://"); 
sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile()); 
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null)); 
// Below extra datas are all optional. 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT, subject); 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body); 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI, sb.toString()); 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, composeMode); 
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, exitOnSent); 
startActivity(intent); 


9.发送Email 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com"); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri); 
startActivity(it); 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, "me@abc.com");   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");   
it.setType("text/plain");   
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client")); 
Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);     
String[] tos={"me@abc.com"};     
String[] ccs={"you@abc.com"};     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");     
it.setType("message/rfc822");     
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));   

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, "file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3");   
sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3");   
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client")); 



10.播放多媒体   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); 
Uri uri = Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3"); 
it.setDataAndType(uri, "audio/mp3"); 
startActivity(it); 
Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, "1");   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);   
startActivity(it); 

11.uninstall apk 
Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", strPackageName, null);   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);   
startActivity(it); 

12.install apk 
Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package", "xxx", null); 
returnIt = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri); 

13. 打开照相机 
<1>Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null); 
          this.sendBroadcast(i); 
    <2>long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis(); 
         String name = createName(dateTaken) + ".jpg"; 
         fileName = folder + name; 
         ContentValues values = new ContentValues(); 
         values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName); 
         values.put("_data", fileName); 
         values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName); 
         values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName); 
         values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName); 
         values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName); 
         Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert( 
                   MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, values); 
           
         Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE); 
         inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri); 
         startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10); 

14.从gallery选取图片 
  
 Intent i = new Intent(); 
         i.setType("image/*"); 
         i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT); 
         startActivityForResult(i, 11); 

15. 打开录音机 
Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION); 
         startActivity(mi); 
16.显示应用详细列表      
Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id");        
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);        
startActivity(it);        
//where app_id is the application ID, find the ID         
//by clicking on your application on Market home         
//page, and notice the ID from the address bar    

刚才找app id未果,结果发现用package name也可以 Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=<packagename>"); 
这个简单多了 

17寻找应用      
Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");        
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);        
startActivity(it); 
//where pkg_name is the full package path for an application     

18打开联系人列表 
        
 <1>           
          Intent i = new Intent(); 
          i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT); 
          i.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/phone"); 
          startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT); 
<2> 
         Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://contacts/people"); 
         Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri); 
         startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT); 

19 打开另一程序 
Intent i = new Intent(); 
         ComponentName cn = new ComponentName("com.yellowbook.android2", 
                   "com.yellowbook.android2.AndroidSearch"); 
         i.setComponent(cn); 
         i.setAction("android.intent.action.MAIN"); 
         startActivityForResult(i, RESULT_OK); 

20 添加到短信收件箱

  1. ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();      
  2.                 cv.put("type""1");   
  3. cv.put("address","短信地址");  
  4. cv.put("body""短信内容");   
  5. getContentResolver().insert(Uri.parse("content://sms/inbox"), cv);   

 

 

21 从sim卡或者联系人中查询

  1. Cursor cursor;  
  2.         Uri uri;  
  3.         if (type == 1) {  
  4.             Intent intent = new Intent();  
  5.             intent.setData(Uri.parse("content://icc/adn"));  
  6.             uri = intent.getData();  
  7.         } else  
  8.             uri = People.CONTENT_URI;  
  9.   
  10.         cursor = activity.getContentResolver().query(uri, nullnullnullnull);  
  11. while (cursor.moveToNext()) {  
  12.  int peopleId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People._ID);
  13.  int nameId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People.NAME); 
  14.  int phoneId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People.NUMBER);} 

查看某个联系人,当然这里是ACTION_VIEW,如果为选择并返回action改为ACTION_PICK,当然处理intent时返回需要用到 startActivityforResult 

Uri personUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, ID);//最后的ID参数为联系人Provider中的数据库BaseID,即哪一行 

Intent intent = new Intent(); intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); intent.setData(personUri); startActivity(intent); 




22 删除

  1. uri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, 联系人id);  
  2.         int count = activity.getContentResolver().delete(uri, nullnull);  

 

23 添加到联系人:

  1. ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();  
  2.                     ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation> operationList = new ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation>();  
  3.                     ContentProviderOperation.Builder builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(RawContacts.CONTENT_URI);  
  4.                     builder.withValues(cv);  
  5.                     operationList.add(builder.build());  
  6.                     builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(Data.CONTENT_URI);  
  7.                     builder.withValueBackReference(StructuredName.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0);  
  8.                     builder.withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, StructuredName.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);  
  9.                     builder.withValue(StructuredName.DISPLAY_NAME, "自定义联系人名");  
  10.                     operationList.add(builder.build());  
  11.                     builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(Data.CONTENT_URI);  
  12.                     builder.withValueBackReference(Phone.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0);  
  13.                     builder.withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, Phone.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);  
  14.                     builder.withValue(Phone.NUMBER, "联系人的phonenumber");  
  15.                     builder.withValue(Data.IS_PRIMARY, 1);  
  16.                     operationList.add(builder.build());  
  17.                     try {  
  18.                         getContentResolver().applyBatch(ContactsContract.AUTHORITY, operationList);  
  19.                     } catch (RemoteException e) {  
  20.                         e.printStackTrace();  
  21.                     } catch (OperationApplicationException e) {  
  22.                         e.printStackTrace();  
  23.                     }  

 23 选择一个图片 

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT); 
intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);
 intent.setType("image/*");
 startActivityForResult(intent, 0); 

24 调用Android设备的照相机,并设置拍照后存放位置

 Intent intent = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
 intent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, Uri.fromFile(new File(Environment .getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()+"/cwj", android123 + ".jpg"))); //存放位置为sdcard卡上cwj文件夹,文件名为android123.jpg格式
 startActivityForResult(intent, 0);

25 在market上搜索指定package name,比如搜索com.android123.cwj的写法如下 

Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:com.android123.cwj");
 Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri); startActivity(intent);

26 获取文件信息,并使用相对应软件打开

private void openFile(File f)  
 {  
   Intent intent = new Intent();  
   intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);  
   intent.setAction(android.content.Intent.ACTION_VIEW);  
   String type = getMIMEType(f);  
   intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(f), type);  
   startActivity(intent);  
 }  
 
 private String getMIMEType(File f){  
   String end = f  
       .getName()  
       .substring(f.getName().lastIndexOf(".") + 1,  
           f.getName().length()).toLowerCase();  
   String type = "";  
   if (end.equals("mp3") || end.equals("aac") || end.equals("aac")  
       || end.equals("amr") || end.equals("mpeg")  
       || end.equals("mp4"))  
   {  
     type = "audio";  
   } else if (end.equals("jpg") || end.equals("gif")  
       || end.equals("png") || end.equals("jpeg"))  
   {  
     type = "image";  
   } else  
   {  
     type = "*";  
   }  
   type += "/*";  
   return type;  
 } 


原文链接:http://blog.csdn.net/aomandeshangxiao/article/details/6938729
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