Linux系统Qmail邮件服务器安装过程解析

红薯 发布于 2009/05/07 15:48
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Qmail邮件服务器安装过程- checkpassword-0.90(pop3验证用户程序)
cmd5checkpw-0.22.tar.gz ucspi-tcp-0.88(tcpserver等服务程序)
qmail-smtpd-auth-0.30.tar.gz(smtp补丁程序)
qmail-1.03.tar.gz(Qmail基本系统包)
vpopmail-5.2.1.tar.gz(虚拟域用户pop3支持)
ezmlm-0.53.tar.gz(邮件列表管理软件) autorespond.tar.gz(自动回复程序)
qmailadmin-1.0.6.tar.gz(虚拟域web方式管理)
以上所有软件可从以网址下载
http://www.qmail.org http://www.inter7.com/qmail 安装前准备工作
新建qmail 安装目录
# mkdir /var/qmail: 添加qmail所必须的用户和组
# groupadd nofiles # useradd -g nofiles -d /var/qmail/alias alias # useradd -g nofiles -d /var/qmail qmaild # useradd -g nofiles -d /var/qmail qmaill # useradd -g nofiles -d /var/qmail qmailp # groupadd qmail # useradd -g qmail -d /var/qmail qmailq # useradd -g qmail -d /var/qmail qmailr # useradd -g qmail -d /var/qmail qmails 安裝qmail基本系统: 安装checkpassword-0.90(/bin) # cd /usr/local/src # tar xzvf checkpassword-0.90.tar.gz # cd checkpassword-0.90 # patch -p1 <../patch/checkpassword-0.90.errno.patch # make # make setup check 安裝cmd5checkpw-0.22.tar.gz # tar zxvf cmd5checkpw-0.22.tar.gz # mkdir /usr/man # mkdir /usr/man/man8 # cd cmd5checkpw-0.22 # make # make install 安装ucspi-tcp-0.88(/usr/local/bin) # cd /usr/local/src # tar xzvf ucspi-tcp-0.88.tar.gz # cd ucspi-tcp-0.88 # patch -p1 < ../patch/ucspi-tcp-0.88.a_record.patch # patch -p1 < ../patch/ucspi-tcp-0.88.errno.patch # patch -p1 < ../patch/ucspi-tcp-0.88.nodefaultrbl.patch # make # make setup check 安装Qmail(qmail-1.03.tar.gz)
# tar xzvf qmail-1.03.tar.gz SMTP补丁及其它补丁:
# tar zxvf qmail-smtpd-auth-0.30.tar.gz # cd qmail-smtpd-auth-0.30 # cp base64.c base64.h README.auth ../qmail-1.03/ # patch -d ../qmail-1.03 < auth.patch # cd qmail-1.03 # patch -p1 < ../patch/qmail-103.patch # patch -p1 < ../patch/qmailqueue-patch # patch -p1 < ../patch/qmail-maildir++.patch # patch -p1 < ../patch/qmail-1.03.errno.patch # patch -p1 < ../patch/qmail-1.03.qmail_local.patch # vi qmail-smtpd.c //将函数straynewline中的451改为553 //将451改为553是为避免当其它服务器给你发来无效格式的邮件时,你的服务器陷入循环应答。
# make setup check #./config-fast test.com 建立系统别名:
# cd ~alias;touch .qmail-postmaster .qmail-mailer-daemon .qmail-root # echo test.com > /var/qmail/control/helohost \\主机名(解决新浪拒收邮件问题) # chmod 644 ~alias/.qmail* # echo "127.0.0.1:allow,RELAYCLIENT=""" > /etc/tcp.smtp # chmod 4755 /bin/checkpassword # sed 's/Mailbox/Maildir\//' /var/qmail/boot/home >/var/qmail/rc (修改/var/qmail/rc把./Mailbox 改成./Maildir/ 使用Maildir的pop3收信方式) # chmod 755 /var/qmail/rc 停止sendmail 服務
# /etc/rc.d/init.d/sendmail stop # rpm –e –nodeps sendmail Qmail Web管理系统
安装虚拟域
# groupadd vchkpw # useradd -g vchkpw vpopmail # mkdir ~vpopmail/etc # echo "127.0.0.:allow,RELAYCLIENT=\"\"" > ~vpopmail/etc/tcp.smtp # echo ":allow" >/etc/tcp.smtp # /usr/local/bin/tcprules /etc/tcp.smtp.cdb /etc/tcp.smtp.tmp < /etc/tcp.smtp # cd /usr/local/src # tar xzvf vpopmail-5.2.1.tar.gz # cd vpopmail-5.2.1 #./configure --enable-roaming-users=y --enable-default-domain=test.com --enable-passwd=n # make # make install-strip # crontab –e 40 * * * * /home/vpopmail/bin/clearopensmtp 2>&1 > /dev/null # cd /home/vpopmail/bin #./vadddomain test.com eitop #./vadduser test@test.com test # chmod 6755 /home/vpopmail/bin/vchkpw 安装邮件列表
# tar xzvf ezmlm-0.53-idx-0.41.tar.gz # cd ezmlm-0.53-idx-0.41 # make # make man # make setup 安装自动回复程序
# tar zxvf autorespond.tar.gz # make(gcc -Wall -o autorespond autorespond.c) # make install(cp autorespond /usr/local/bin/autorespond) 安装虚拟域web方式管理
# tar xzvf qmailadmin-1.0.6.tar.gz # cd qmailadmin-1.0.6 #./configure --enable-htmldir=/www/web1 --enable-cgibindir=/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin # make # make install-strip 建Qmail启动文件

# vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/qmail 

#! /bin/sh 

case "$1" in 

start) 

echo -n "start qmail:" 

/var/qmail/rc & 

echo "." 

echo -n "start smtp service:" 

/usr/local/bin/tcpserver -H -R -l 0 -t 1 -c 100 -x 
/etc/tcp.smtp.cdb -u 512 -g 505 0 smtp /var/qmail/bin/qmail-smtpd 
test.com /home/vpopmail/bin/vchkpw /bin/true /bin/md5checkpw
/bin/true & 
echo "." 

echo -n "start pop3 service:" 

/usr/local/bin/tcpserver -l test.com -U -c 100 -H -R 0 pop3 
/var/qmail/bin/qmail-popup test.com  /home/vpopmail/bin/vchkpw 
/var/qmail/bin/qmail-pop3d Maildir & 

echo "." 

;; 

stop) 

echo -n "stop qmail:" 

echo "." 

;; 

*) 

exit 1 

;; 

esac 

exit 0 

# chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/qmail
# /etc/rc.d/init.d/qmail start
启动文件中的用户组为vpopmail用户组
如果不能启动qmail,执行touch /etc/dnsrewrite 测试:
SMTP认证测试
su - qmaild -c "/var/qmail/bin/qmail-popup localhost /home/vpopmail/bin/vchkpw pwd" su - qmaild -c "/var/qmail/bin/qmail-popup localhost /bin/checkpassword pwd" user test pass test 输入用户密码后出现回应,若出现test用户的home目录,则SMTP成功;若提示:"-ERR authorization failed",则SMTP失败
Web管理测试
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