netty应用中接收缓存覆写的陷阱

红薯 发布于 2010/08/17 14:11
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version : netty-3.2.1.final

location : org.jboss.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioWorker.read(SelectionKey)

代码片段如下:

 ByteBuffer bb = recvBufferPool.acquire(predictedRecvBufSize);        

...

if (readBytes > 0) {
    bb.flip();

    final ChannelBufferFactory bufferFactory =
	channel.getConfig().getBufferFactory();
    final ChannelBuffer buffer = bufferFactory.getBuffer(
	    bb.order(bufferFactory.getDefaultOrder()));

    recvBufferPool.release(bb);

    // Update the predictor.
    predictor.previousReceiveBufferSize(readBytes);

    // Fire the event.
    fireMessageReceived(channel, buffer);
} else {
    recvBufferPool.release(bb);
}

fireMessageReceived会最终触发handler的messageReceived方法的调用, 但接收数据的buffer已在此前就归还给了缓存池(recvBufferPool). 其实, bb的回收放在fireMessageReceived之前或之后, 在一般情况下对执行的结果不产生影响, 毕竟在fireMessageReceived执行完毕时, bb也就使用完了. 但是, 若有三个前提条件同时满足时, 就会出现bb被覆写问题.

  1. 使用ExecutionHandler异步化messageReceived的执行, 那么bb就有可能在(异步线程)读取之前, 被(当前线程)用后来的数据覆写, 除非buffer是bb的副本;
  2. 使用DirectChannelBufferFactory实现zero-copy, 那么buffer肯定是对bb的wrapped, 但bb并不是直接服用的, 而是由recvBufferPool管理, 除非bb刚好满足了后来数据的需要;
  3. 使用FixedReceiveBufferSizePredictor令每次对缓存大小需求都一样, 那么bb就会被覆写.

重现这一陷阱的代码如下:

package cn.cafusic.netty.execution.bug;

import java.net.InetSocketAddress;
import java.util.concurrent.Executors;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

import org.jboss.netty.bootstrap.ClientBootstrap;
import org.jboss.netty.bootstrap.ServerBootstrap;
import org.jboss.netty.buffer.ChannelBuffer;
import org.jboss.netty.buffer.ChannelBuffers;
import org.jboss.netty.buffer.DirectChannelBufferFactory;
import org.jboss.netty.channel.Channel;
import org.jboss.netty.channel.ChannelFactory;
import org.jboss.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import org.jboss.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import org.jboss.netty.channel.ChannelPipeline;
import org.jboss.netty.channel.ChannelStateEvent;
import org.jboss.netty.channel.FixedReceiveBufferSizePredictor;
import org.jboss.netty.channel.MessageEvent;
import org.jboss.netty.channel.SimpleChannelHandler;
import org.jboss.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioClientSocketChannelFactory;
import org.jboss.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioServerSocketChannelFactory;
import org.jboss.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioSocketChannelConfig;
import org.jboss.netty.handler.execution.ExecutionHandler;

/**
 * Bug
 *
 * @author <a href=mailto:jushi@taobao.com>jushi</a>
 * @created 2010-8-17
 *
 */
public class Bug {

    private static class ClientHandler extends SimpleChannelHandler {
        @Override
        public void messageReceived(final ChannelHandlerContext ctx,
                                    final MessageEvent e) throws Exception {
            ChannelBuffer buf = (ChannelBuffer) e.getMessage();
            while (buf.readable()) {
                System.out.print((char) buf.readByte());
            }
            System.out.println();
            e.getChannel().close();
        }
    }

    private static class ServerHandler extends SimpleChannelHandler {
        @Override
        public void messageReceived(final ChannelHandlerContext ctx,
                                    final MessageEvent e) throws Exception {
            TimeUnit.SECONDS.sleep(1); // delay for buffer rewrite.
            e.getChannel().write(e.getMessage());
        }

        @Override
        public void channelConnected(ChannelHandlerContext ctx,
                                     ChannelStateEvent e) throws Exception {
            System.out.println("connected : " + e.getChannel());
            NioSocketChannelConfig config =
                (NioSocketChannelConfig) e.getChannel().getConfig();
            config.setBufferFactory(new DirectChannelBufferFactory()); // zero-copy
            config.setReceiveBufferSizePredictor(new FixedReceiveBufferSizePredictor(10)); // fix buffer size requirement
        }

        @Override
        public void channelClosed(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, ChannelStateEvent e) throws Exception {
            System.out.println("closed : " + e.getChannel());
        }
    }

    static void serve() {
        final ChannelFactory factory =
            new NioServerSocketChannelFactory(Executors.newSingleThreadExecutor(),
                                              Executors.newSingleThreadExecutor(),
                                              1);
        final ServerBootstrap bootstrap = new ServerBootstrap(factory);

        ChannelPipeline pipeline = bootstrap.getPipeline();
        pipeline.addLast("execution",
                         new ExecutionHandler(Executors.newCachedThreadPool())); // async message received
        pipeline.addLast("handler", new ServerHandler());

        bootstrap.setOption("child.tcpNoDelay", true);
        bootstrap.setOption("child.keepAlive", true);
        final Channel bind = bootstrap.bind(new InetSocketAddress(8080));

        Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(new Thread() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                System.out.println("shutdown");
                bind.close().awaitUninterruptibly();
                bootstrap.releaseExternalResources();
            }
        });
    }

    static void connect() {
        final ChannelFactory factory =
            new NioClientSocketChannelFactory(Executors.newSingleThreadExecutor(),
                                              Executors.newSingleThreadExecutor(),
                                              1);

        final ClientBootstrap bootstrap = new ClientBootstrap(factory);

        ChannelPipeline pipeline = bootstrap.getPipeline();
        pipeline.addLast("handler", new ClientHandler());

        bootstrap.setOption("child.tcpNoDelay", true);
        bootstrap.setOption("child.keepAlive", true);
        ChannelFuture future =
            bootstrap.connect(new InetSocketAddress("localhost", 8080));
        Channel channel = future.awaitUninterruptibly().getChannel();
        channel.write(ChannelBuffers.wrappedBuffer("++++++++++".getBytes()))
               .awaitUninterruptibly();
        channel.write(ChannelBuffers.wrappedBuffer("----------".getBytes()))
               .awaitUninterruptibly();
        channel.write(ChannelBuffers.wrappedBuffer("==========".getBytes()))
               .awaitUninterruptibly();
        channel.getCloseFuture().awaitUninterruptibly();
        bootstrap.releaseExternalResources();
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        serve();
        connect();
        System.exit(0);
    }
}

 

 

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