Thonny —— 一个面向初学者的 Python IDE
Thonny 由爱沙尼亚的 Tartu 大学开发，它采用了不同的方法，因为它的调试器是专为学习和教学编程而设计的。
易于上手。Thonny 内置了 Python 3.7，因此只需要一个简单的安装程序，你就可以开始学习编程了（如有必要，您还可以使用单独的 Python安装）。初始的用户界面会删除可能分散初学者注意力的所有功能。
No-hassle variables. Once you're done with hello-worlds, select View → Variables and see how your programs and shell commands affect Python variables.
简易的调试器。Just press Ctrl+F5 instead of F5 and you can run your programs step-by-step, no breakpoints needed. Press F6 for a big step and F7 for a small step. Steps follow program structure, not just code lines.
Step through expression evaluation.If you use small steps, then you can even see how Python evaluates your expressions. You can think of this light-blue box as a piece of paper where Python replaces subexpressions with their values, piece-by-piece.
Faithful representation of function calls. Stepping into a function call opens a new window with separate local variables table and code pointer. Good understanding of how function calls work is especially important for understanding recursion.
Highlights syntax errors. Unclosed quotes and parentheses are the most common beginners' syntax errors. Thonny's editor makes these easy to spot.
Explains scopes. Highlighting variable occurrences reminds you that the same name doesn't always mean the same variable and helps spotting typos. Local variables are visually distinguished from globals.
Mode for explaining references.Variables are initially presented according to simplified model (name → value) but you can switch to more realistic model (name → address/id → value).
Beginner friendly system shell. Select Tools → Open system shell to install extra packages or learn handling Python on command line. PATH and conflicts with other Python interpreters are taken care of by Thonny.
Simple and clean pip GUI. Select Tools → Manage packages for even easier installation of 3rd party packages.